display files on a page-by-page basis
more [options] file...
more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.
Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash (-)) but command-line options will override those.
- -d, --silent
Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]", and display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed.
- -l, --logical
Do not pause after any line containing a ^L (form feed).
- -f, --no-pause
Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not folded).
- -p, --print-over
Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text. Notice that this option is switched on automatically if the executable is named page.
- -c, --clean-print
Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.
- -s, --squeeze
Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.
- -u, --plain
Suppress underlining. This option is silently ignored as backwards compatibility.
- -n, --lines number
Specify the number of lines per screenful. The number argument is a positive decimal integer. The --lines option shall override any values obtained from any other source, such as number of lines reported by terminal.
A numeric option means the same as --lines option argument.
Start displaying each file at line number.
The string to be searched in each file before starting to display it.
Display help text and exit.
- -V, --version
Display version information and exit.
Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.
- h or ?
Help; display a summary of these commands. If you forget all other commands, remember this one.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument becomes new default.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.
- d or ^D
Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes new default.
- q or Q or INTERRUPT
Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.
Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
- b or ^B
Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files, not pipes.
Go to the place where the last search started.
Display current line number.
Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.
Search for kth occurrence of last regular expression. Defaults to 1.
- !command or :!command
Execute command in a subshell.
Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to vi if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is defined.
Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.
Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.
Display current file name and line number.
Repeat previous command.
The more command respects the following environment variables, if they exist:
This variable may be set with favored options to more.
Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).
The terminal type used by more to get the terminal characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.
The editor the user prefers. Invoked when command key v is pressed.
The editor of choice when VISUAL is not specified.
The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.
Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable
The more command is part of the util-linux package and is available from Linux Kernel Archive.