set up and control zram devices


Check if zram is enabled

$ lsmod | grep -i zram

Enable zram with a dynamic number of devices (use zramctl to configure devices further)

$ sudo modprobe zram

Enable zram with exactly 2 devices

$ sudo modprobe zram num_devices=[2]

Find and initialise the next free zram device to a 2GB virtual drive using LZ4 compression

$ sudo zramctl --find --size [2GB] --algorithm [lz4]

List currently initialised devices

$ zramctl


Get info:

Reset zram:
"zramctl -r" zramdev...
Print name of first unused zram device:
"zramctl -f"
Set up a zram device:
zramctl [-f|zramdev] [-s size] [-t number] [-a algorithm]


zramctl is used to quickly set up zram device parameters, to reset zram devices, and to query the status of used zram devices.

If no option is given, all non-zero size zram devices are shown.

Note that zramdev node specified on command line has to already exist. The command zramctl creates a new /dev/zram<N> nodes only when --find option specified. It's possible (and common) that after system boot /dev/zram<N> nodes are not created yet.


-a,--algorithm lzo|lz4|lz4hc|deflate|842 Set the compression algorithm to be used for compressing data in the zram device.

-f,--find Find the first unused zram device. If a --size argument is present, then initialize the device.

-n,--noheadings Do not print a header line in status output.

-o,--outputlist Define the status output columns to be used. If no output arrangement is specified, then a default set is used. Use --help to get a list of all supported columns.

--output -all Output all available columns.

--raw Use the raw format for status output.

-r,--reset Reset the options of the specified zram device(s). Zram device settings can be changed only after a reset.

-s,--sizesize Create a zram device of the specified size . Zram devices are aligned to memory pages; when the requested size is not a multiple of the page size, it will be rounded up to the next multiple. When not otherwise specified, the unit of the size parameter is bytes.

The size argument may be followed by the multiplicative suffixes KiB (=1024), MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for GiB, TiB, PiB, EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g., "K" has the same meaning as "KiB") or the suffixes KB (=1000), MB (=1000*1000), and so on for GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

-t,--streamsnumber Set the maximum number of compression streams that can be used for the device. The default is one stream.

-V,--version Display version information and exit.

-h,--help Display help text and exit.


zramctl returns 0 on success, nonzero on failure.


/dev/zram[0..N] zram block devices


The following commands set up a zram device with a size of one gigabyte and use it as swap device.

# zramctl --find --size 1024M /dev/zram0 # mkswap /dev/zram0 # swapon /dev/zram0 ... # swapoff /dev/zram0 # zramctl --reset /dev/zram0


Timofey Titovets <nefelim4ag@gmail.com> Karel Zak <kzak@redhat.com>


The zramctl command is part of the util-linux package and is available from https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.


http://git. kernel. org /cgit /linux /kernel /git /torvalds /linux.git /tree /Documentation /blockdev /zram.txt Linux kernel documentation .

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