pkg [-v] [-d] [-l] [-N]
pkg provides an interface for manipulating packages: registering, adding, removing and upgrading packages. pkg-static is a statically linked vari- ant of pkg typically only used for the initial installation of pkg. There are some differences in functionality. See pkg.conf(5) for details.
The following options are supported by pkg: -v, --version Display the current version of pkg. -d, --debug Show debug information. -l, --list List all the available command names, and exit without performing any other action. The -v option takes precedence over -l but -l will override any other command line arguments. -o
The following commands are supported by pkg: help command Display usage information of the specified command. add Install a package from either a local source or a remote one. When installing from remote source you need to specify the proto- col to use when fetching the package. Currently supported protocols are FTP, HTTP and HTTPS. annotate Add, modify or delete tag-value style annotations on packages. audit Audit installed packages against known vulnerabilities. autoremove Delete packages which were automatically installed as dependen- cies and are not required any more. backup Dump the local package database to a file specified on the com- mand-line. bootstrap This is for compatibility with the pkg(7) bootstrapper. If pkg is already installed, nothing is done. If invoked with the -f flag an attempt will be made to reinstall pkg from remote repository. check Sanity checks installed packages. clean Clean the local cache of fetched remote packages. convert Convert to and from the old pkg_add(1) format. create Create a package. delete Delete a package from the database and the system. fetch Fetch packages from a remote repository. info Display information about installed packages. install Install a package from a remote package repository. If a package is found in more than one remote repository, then installation happens from the first one. Downloading a package is tried from each package repository in turn, until the package is success- fully fetched. lock Prevent modification or deletion of a package. plugins List the available plugins. query Query information about installed packages. register Register a package in the database. repo Create a local package repository for remote usage. rquery Query information for remote repositories. search Search for the given pattern in the remote package repositories. set Modify information in the installed database. shell Open a SQLite shell to the local or remote database. Extreme care should be taken when using this command. shlib Displays which packages link to a specific shared library. stats Display package database statistics. unlock Unlocks packages, allowing them to be modified or deleted. update Update the available remote repositories as listed in pkg.conf(5). updating Display UPDATING entries of installed packages. upgrade Upgrade a package to a newer version. version Summarize installed versions of packages. which Query the database for package(s) that installed a specific file.
All configuration options from pkg.conf.5 can be passed as environment variables. Extra environment variables are: INSTALL_AS_USER Allow to do all manipulation as a regular user instead of checking for root credentials when appropriate. It is expected that the user will ensure that every file and directory manipulated by pkg are readable (or writable where appropriate) by the user.
Search for a package: $ pkg search perl Install a package: Installing must specify a unique origin or version otherwise it will try installing all matches. % pkg install perl-5.14 List installed packages: $ pkg info Upgrade from remote repository: % pkg upgrade Change the origin for an installed package: % pkg set -o lang/perl5.12:lang/perl5.14 % pkg install -Rf lang/perl5.14 List non-automatic packages: $ pkg query -e '%a = 0' %o List automatic packages: $ pkg query -e '%a = 1' %o Delete an installed package: % pkg delete perl-5.14 Remove unneeded dependencies: % pkg autoremove Change a package from automatic to non-automatic, which will prevent autoremove from removing it: % pkg set -A 0 perl-5.14 Change a package from non-automatic to automatic, which will make autoremove allow it be removed once nothing depends on it: % pkg set -A 1 perl-5.14 Create package file from an installed package: % pkg create -o /usr/ports/packages/All perl-5.14 Determine which package installed a file: $ pkg which /usr/local/bin/perl Audit installed packages for security advisories: $ pkg audit Check installed packages for checksum mismatches: # pkg check -s -a Check for missing dependencies: # pkg check -d -a
SBUF(9), elf(3), fetch(3), libarchive(3), pkg_printf(3), pkg_repos(3), pkg-repository(5), pkg.conf(5), pkg-add(8), pkg-annotate(8), pkg-audit(8), pkg-autoremove(8), pkg-backup(8), pkg-check(8), pkg-clean(8), pkg-config(8), pkg-convert(8), pkg-create(8), pkg-delete(8), pkg-fetch(8), pkg-info(8), pkg-install(8), pkg-lock(8), pkg-query(8), pkg-register(8), pkg-repo(8), pkg-rquery(8), pkg-search(8), pkg-set(8), pkg-shell(8), pkg-shlib(8), pkg-ssh(8), pkg-stats(8), pkg-update(8), pkg-updating(8), pkg-upgrade(8), pkg-version(8), pkg-which(8) To build your own package set for one or multiple servers see ports-mgmt/poudriere
See the issue tracker at https://github.com/freebsd/pkg/issues Please direct questions and issues to the pkg@FreeBSD.org mailing list.