create a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more.


Tile images into a grid, automatically resizing images larger than the grid cell size

$ montage [image1.png] [image2.jpg] [imageN.png] montage.jpg

Tile images into a grid, automatically calculating the grid cell size from the largest image
$ montage [image1.png] [image2.jpg] [imageN.png] -geometry +0+0 montage.jpg

Set the grid cell size and resize images to fit it before tiling
$ montage [image1.png] [image2.jpg] [imageN.png] -geometry 640x480+0+0 montage.jpg

Limit the number of rows and columns in the grid, causing input images to overflow into multiple output montages
$ montage [image1.png] [image2.jpg] [imageN.png] -geometry +0+0 -tile 2x3 montage_%d.jpg

Resize and crop images to fill their grid cells before tiling
$ montage [image1.png] [image2.jpg] [imageN.png] -geometry +0+0 -resize 640x480^ -gravity center -crop 640x480+0+0 montage.jpg


montage input-file[s] [options] output-file


The montage program is a member of the ImageMagick(1) suite of tools. Use it to create a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more.

For more information about the montage command, point your browser to file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-7/www/montage.html or


Image Settings: -adjoin join images into a single multi-image file -affine matrix affine transform matrix -alpha option on, activate, off, deactivate, set, opaque, copy transparent, extract, background, or shape -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -blue-primary point chromaticity blue primary point -bordercolor color border color -caption string assign a caption to an image -colors value preferred number of colors in the image -colorspace type alternate image colorsapce -comment string annotate image with comment -compose operator composite operator -compress type type of pixel compression when writing the image -define format:option define one or more image format options -delay centiseconds display the next image after pausing -density geometry horizontal and vertical density of the image -depth value image depth -display server query font from this X server -dispose method layer disposal method -dither method apply error diffusion to image -encoding type text encoding type -endian type endianness (MSB or LSB) of the image -extract geometry extract area from image -fill color color to use when filling a graphic primitive -filter type use this filter when resizing an image -font name render text with this font -format "string" output formatted image characteristics -gamma value level of gamma correction -geometry geometry preferred tile and border sizes -gravity direction which direction to gravitate towards -green-primary point chromaticity green primary point -identify identify the format and characteristics of the image -interlace type type of image interlacing scheme -interpolate method pixel color interpolation method -kerning value set the space between two letters -label string assign a label to an image -limit type value pixel cache resource limit -matte store matte channel if the image has one -mattecolor color frame color -mode type framing style -monitor monitor progress -page geometry size and location of an image canvas (setting) -pointsize value font point size -profile filename add, delete, or apply an image profile -quality value JPEG/MIFF/PNG compression level -quantize colorspace reduce colors in this colorspace -quiet suppress all warning messages -red-primary point chromaticity red primary point -regard-warnings pay attention to warning messages -repage geometry size and location of an image canvas (operator) -respect-parentheses settings remain in effect until parenthesis boundary -sampling-factor geometry horizontal and vertical sampling factor -scenes range image scene range -seed value seed a new sequence of pseudo-random numbers -set attribute value set an image attribute -shadow add a shadow beneath a tile to simulate depth -size geometry width and height of image -stroke color color to use when stroking a graphic primitive -support factor resize support: > 1.0 is blurry, < 1.0 is sharp -synchronize synchronize image to storage device -taint declare the image as modified -texture filename name of texture to tile onto the image background -thumbnail geometry create a thumbnail of the image -tile geometry number of tiles per row and column -title string decorate the montage image with a title -transparent-color color transparent color -treedepth value color tree depth -trim trim image edges -units type the units of image resolution -verbose print detailed information about the image -virtual-pixel method virtual pixel access method -white-point point chromaticity white point

Image Operators: -adaptive-sharpen geometry adaptively sharpen pixels; increase effect near edges -annotate geometry text annotate the image with text -auto-orient automagically orient image -blur geometry reduce image noise and reduce detail levels -border geometry surround image with a border of color -channel mask set the image channel mask -crop geometry preferred size and location of the cropped image -distort method args distort images according to given method and args -draw string annotate the image with a graphic primitive -extent geometry set the image size -flatten flatten a sequence of images -flip flip image in the vertical direction -flop flop image in the horizontal direction -frame geometry surround image with an ornamental border -layers method optimize or compare image layers -monochrome transform image to black and white -polaroid angle simulate a Polaroid picture -resize geometry resize the image -rotate degrees apply Paeth rotation to the image -scale geometry scale the image -strip strip image of all profiles and comments -transform affine transform image -transpose flip image vertically and rotate 90 degrees -transparent color make this color transparent within the image -type type image type -unsharp geometry sharpen the image

Image Sequence Operators: -coalesce merge a sequence of images -composite composite image

Image Stack Operators: -clone indexes clone an image -delete indexes delete the image from the image sequence -duplicate count,indexes duplicate an image one or more times -insert index insert last image into the image sequence -reverse reverse image sequence -swap indexes swap two images in the image sequence

Miscellaneous Options: -debug events display copious debugging information -help print program options -log format format of debugging information -list type print a list of supported option arguments -version print version information

In addition to those listed above, you can specify these standard X resources as command line options: -background, -bordercolor, -borderwidth, -font, -mattecolor, or -title.

By default, the image format of `file' is determined by its magic number. To specify a particular image format, precede the filename with an image format name and a colon (i.e. ps:image) or specify the image type as the filename suffix (i.e. Specify 'file' as '-' for standard input or output.


Copyright (C) 1999-2021 ImageMagick Studio LLC. Additional copyrights and licenses apply to this software, see file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-7/www/license.html or



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