Add file contents to the index
gitadd [ --verbose | -v] [ --dry -run | -n] [ --force | -f] [ --interactive | -i] [ --patch | -p] [ --edit | -e] [ --[no -]all | --[no -]ignore -removal | [ --update | -u]] [ --intent -to -add | -N] [ --refresh] [ --ignore -errors] [ --ignore -missing] [ --renormalize] [ --chmod=(+| -)x] [ --] [<pathspec> ...]
<pathspec> ... Files to add content from . Fileglobs (e .g . *.c )can be given to add all matching files . Also a leading directory name (e .g . dir to add dir/file1 and dir/file2 )can be given to update the index to match the current state of the directory as a whole (e .g . specifying dir will record not just a file dir/file1 modified in the working tree, a file dir/file2 added to the working tree, but also a file dir/file3 removed from the working tree) . Note that older versions of Git used to ignore removed files; use --no -all option if you want to add modified or new files but ignore removed ones .For more details about the <pathspec> syntax, see the pathspec entry in gitglossary (7).
-n, --dry -run Don actually add the file(s), just show if they exist and/or will be ignored .
-v, --verbose Be verbose .
-f, --force Allow adding otherwise ignored files .
-i, --interactive Add modified contents in the working tree interactively to the index . Optional path arguments may be supplied to limit operation to a subset of the working tree . See mode for details .
-p, --patch Interactively choose hunks of patch between the index and the work tree and add them to the index . This gives the user a chance to review the difference before adding modified contents to the index . This effectively runs add--interactive ,but bypasses the initial command menu and directly jumps to the patch subcommand . See mode for details .
-e, --edit Open the diff vs . the index in an editor and let the user edit it . After the editor was closed, adjust the hunk headers and apply the patch to the index . The intent of this option is to pick and choose lines of the patch to apply, or even to modify the contents of lines to be staged . This can be quicker and more flexible than using the interactive hunk selector . However, it is easy to confuse oneself and create a patch that does not apply to the index . See EDITING PATCHES below .
-u, --update Update the index just where it already has an entry matching <pathspec> . This removes as well as modifies index entries to match the working tree, but adds no new files . If no <pathspec> is given when -u option is used, all tracked files in the entire working tree are updated (old versions of Git used to limit the update to the current directory and its subdirectories) .
-A, --all, --no -ignore -removal Update the index not only where the working tree has a file matching <pathspec> but also where the index already has an entry . This adds, modifies, and removes index entries to match the working tree . If no <pathspec> is given when -A option is used, all files in the entire working tree are updated (old versions of Git used to limit the update to the current directory and its subdirectories) .
--no -all, --ignore -removal Update the index by adding new files that are unknown to the index and files modified in the working tree, but ignore files that have been removed from the working tree . This option is a no -op when no <pathspec> is used . This option is primarily to help users who are used to older versions of Git, whose "git add <pathspec> ..." was a synonym for "git add --no -all <pathspec> ...", i .e . ignored removed files .
-N, --intent -to -add Record only the fact that the path will be added later . An entry for the path is placed in the index with no content . This is useful for, among other things, showing the unstaged content of such files with gitdiff and committing them with gitcommit -a .
--refresh Don add the file(s), but only refresh their stat() information in the index .
--ignore -errors If some files could not be added because of errors indexing them, do not abort the operation, but continue adding the others . The command shall still exit with non -zero status . The configuration variable add.ignoreErrors can be set to true to make this the default behaviour .
--ignore -missing This option can only be used together with --dry -run . By using this option the user can check if any of the given files would be ignored, no matter if they are already present in the work tree or not .
--no -warn -embedded -repo By default, gitadd will warn when adding an embedded repository to the index without using gitsubmodule add to create an entry in .gitmodules . This option will suppress the warning (e .g ., if you are manually performing operations on submodules) .
--renormalize Apply the "clean" process freshly to all tracked files to forcibly add them again to the index . This is useful after changing core.autocrlf configuration or the text attribute in order to correct files added with wrong CRLF/LF line endings . This option implies -u .
--chmod=(+| -)x Override the executable bit of the added files . The executable bit is only changed in the index, the files on disk are left unchanged .
-- This option can be used to separate command -line options from the list of files, (useful when filenames might be mistaken for command -line options) .
2.3 Adds content from all *.txt files under Documentation directory and its subdirectories: .RS 4
$ git add Documentation/ \ * .txt .RE Note that the asterisk * is quoted from the shell in this example; this lets the command include the files from subdirectories of Documentation/ directory . '-04' '+03' .sp -1
2.3 Considers adding content from all git -* .sh scripts: .RS 4
$ git add git -* .sh .RE Because this example lets the shell expand the asterisk (i .e . you are listing the files explicitly), it does not consider subdir/git-foo .sh .
*** Commands *** 1: status 2: update 3: revert 4: add untracked 5: patch 6: diff 7: quit 8: help What now> 1 .RE You also could say s or sta or status above as long as the choice is unique . The main command loop has 6 subcommands (plus help and quit) .
status This shows the change between HEAD and index (i .e . what will be committed if you say gitcommit ),and between index and working tree files (i .e . what you could stage further before gitcommit using gitadd )for each path . A sample output looks like this: .RS 4
staged unstaged path 1: binary nothing foo .png 2: +403/ -35 +1/ -1 git -add --interactive .perl .RE It shows that foo .png has differences from HEAD (but that is binary so line count cannot be shown) and there is no difference between indexed copy and the working tree version (if the working tree version were also different, binary would have been shown in place of nothing ). The other file, git -add --interactive .perl, has 403 lines added and 35 lines deleted if you commit what is in the index, but working tree file has further modifications (one addition and one deletion) .
update This shows the status information and issues an "Update>>" prompt . When the prompt ends with double >> ,you can make more than one selection, concatenated with whitespace or comma . Also you can say ranges . E .g . "2 -5 7,9" to choose 2,3,4,5,7,9 from the list . If the second number in a range is omitted, all remaining patches are taken . E .g . "7 -" to choose 7,8,9 from the list . You can say * to choose everything . What you chose are then highlighted with * ,like this: .RS 4
staged unstaged path 1: binary nothing foo .png * 2: +403/ -35 +1/ -1 git -add --interactive .perl .RE To remove selection, prefix the input with - like this: .RS 4
Update>> -2 .RE After making the selection, answer with an empty line to stage the contents of working tree files for selected paths in the index .
revert This has a very similar UI to update ,and the staged information for selected paths are reverted to that of the HEAD version . Reverting new paths makes them untracked .
add untracked This has a very similar UI to update and revert ,and lets you add untracked paths to the index .
patch This lets you choose one path out of a status like selection . After choosing the path, it presents the diff between the index and the working tree file and asks you if you want to stage the change of each hunk . You can select one of the following options and type return: .RS 4
y -stage this hunk n -do not stage this hunk q -quit; do not stage this hunk or any of the remaining ones a -stage this hunk and all later hunks in the file d -do not stage this hunk or any of the later hunks in the file g -select a hunk to go to / -search for a hunk matching the given regex j -leave this hunk undecided, see next undecided hunk J -leave this hunk undecided, see next hunk k -leave this hunk undecided, see previous undecided hunk K -leave this hunk undecided, see previous hunk s -split the current hunk into smaller hunks e -manually edit the current hunk ? -print help .RE After deciding the fate for all hunks, if there is any hunk that was chosen, the index is updated with the selected hunks . You can omit having to type return here, by setting the configuration variable interactive.singleKey to true .
diff This lets you review what will be committed (i .e . between HEAD and index) .
added content Added content is represented by lines beginning with "+" . You can prevent staging any addition lines by deleting them .
removed content Removed content is represented by lines beginning with " -" . You can prevent staging their removal by converting the " -" to a " " (space) .
modified content Modified content is represented by " -" lines (removing the old content) followed by "+" lines (adding the replacement content) . You can prevent staging the modification by converting " -" lines to " ", and removing "+" lines . Beware that modifying only half of the pair is likely to introduce confusing changes to the index . There are also more complex operations that can be performed . But beware that because the patch is applied only to the index and not the working tree, the working tree will appear to "undo" the change in the index . For example, introducing a new line into the index that is in neither the HEAD nor the working tree will stage the new line for commit, but the line will appear to be reverted in the working tree . Avoid using these constructs, or do so with extreme caution .
removing untouched content Content which does not differ between the index and working tree may be shown on context lines, beginning with a " " (space) . You can stage context lines for removal by converting the space to a " -" . The resulting working tree file will appear to re -add the content .
modifying existing content One can also modify context lines by staging them for removal (by converting " " to " -") and adding a "+" line with the new content . Similarly, one can modify "+" lines for existing additions or modifications . In all cases, the new modification will appear reverted in the working tree .
new content You may also add new content that does not exist in the patch; simply add new lines, each starting with "+" . The addition will appear reverted in the working tree . There are also several operations which should be avoided entirely, as they will make the patch impossible to apply: '-04' '+03' .sp -1
2.3 adding context (" ") or removal (" -") lines '-04' '+03' .sp -1
2.3 deleting context or removal lines '-04' '+03' .sp -1
2.3 modifying the contents of context or removal lines