exiv2

Image metadata manipulation tool.

TLDR

Print a summary of the image Exif metadata

$ exiv2 [path/to/file]
copy

Print all metadata (Exif, IPTC, XMP) with interpreted values

$ exiv2 -P kt [path/to/file]
copy

Print all metadata with raw values

$ exiv2 -P kv [path/to/file]
copy

Delete all metadata from an image

$ exiv2 -d a [path/to/file]
copy

Delete all metadata, preserving the file timestamp

$ exiv2 -d a -k [path/to/file]
copy

Rename the file, prepending the date and time from metadata (not from the file timestamp)

$ exiv2 -r ['%Y%m%d_%H%M%S_:basename:'] [path/to/file]
copy

SYNOPSIS

exiv2 [options] [action] file ...

DESCRIPTION

exiv2 is a program to read and write Exif, IPTC, XMP metadata and image comments and can read many vendor makernote tags. The program optionally converts between Exif tags, XMP properties and IPTC datasets as recommended by the Exif Standard, the IPTC Standard, the XMP specification and Metadata Working Group guidelines.
The following image formats are supported:

Type Exif IPTC XMP Image Comments ICC Profile
JPEG Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write
EXV Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write
CR2 Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - Read/Write
CRW Read/Write - - Read/Write -
MRW Read Read Read - -
TIFF Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - Read/Write
WEBP Read/Write - Read/Write - Read/Write
DNG Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - Read/Write
NEF Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - Read/Write
PEF Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - Read/Write
ARW Read Read Read - -
RW2 Read Read Read - -
SR2 Read Read Read - -
SRW Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - -
ORF Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - -
PNG Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write
PGF Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write
RAF Read Read Read - -
EPS - - Read/Write - -
XMP - - Read/Write - -
GIF - - - - -
PSD Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - -
TGA - - - - -
BMP - - - - -
JP2 Read/Write Read/Write Read/Write - Read/Write

ACTIONS

The action argument is only required if it is not clear from the options which action is implied.

pr | print

Print image metadata. This is the default action, i.e., the command exiv2 image.jpg will print a summary of the image Exif metadata.

ex | extract

Extract metadata to *.exv, XMP sidecar (*.xmp) and thumbnail image files. Modification commands can be applied on-the-fly.

in | insert

Insert metadata from corresponding *.exv, XMP sidecar (*.xmp) and thumbnail files. Use option -S .suf to change the suffix of the input files. Since files of any supported format can be used as input files, this command can be used to copy the metadata between files of different formats. Modification commands can be applied on-the-fly.

rm | delete

Delete image metadata from the files.

ad | adjust

Adjust Exif timestamps by the given time. Requires at least one of the options -a time, -Y yrs, -O mon or -D day.

mo | modify

Apply commands to modify (add, set, delete) the Exif, IPTC and XMP metadata of image files. Requires option -c, -m or -M.

mv | rename

Rename files and/or set file timestamps according to the Exif create timestamp. Uses the value of tag Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal or, if not present, Exif.Image.DateTime to determine the timestamp. The filename format can be set with -r fmt, timestamp options are -t and -T.

fi | fixiso

Copy the ISO setting from one of the proprietary Nikon or Canon makernote ISO tags to the regular Exif ISO tag, Exif.Photo.ISOSpeedRatings. Does not overwrite an existing standard Exif ISO tag.

fc | fixcom

Fix the character encoding of Exif Unicode user comments. Decodes the comment using the auto-detected or specified character encoding and writes it back in UCS-2. Use option -n to specify the current encoding of the comment if necessary.

COMMAND SUMMARY

exiv2 [ opt [arg] ]+ [ act ] file ...

option [arg]	long option	description
-a	tim	--adjust	Modify time stamps.  [+|-]HH[:MM[:SS[.mmm]]]
-b		--binary	Show large binary values (default is to restrict them).
-c	txt	--comment	JPEG comment string to set in the image ('modify' action).  ...
-d	tgt	--delete	Delete target(s) for the 'delete' action. ...
-D	+-n	--days	Time  adjustment by a positive or negative number of days ...
-e	tgt	--extract	Extract target(s) for the 'extract' action.
-f		--force	Do not prompt before overwriting existing  files ...
-F		--Force	Do not prompt before renaming files (Force rename) ...
-g	key	--grep	Only output info for this Exiv2 key
-h		--help	Display help and exit.
-i	tgt	--insert	Insert target(s) for the 'insert' action. ...
-k		--keep	Preserve file timestamps when updating files
-K	key	--key	Report key.  Similar to -g (grep) however key must match exactly.
-l	dir	--location	Location (directory) for files to be inserted or extracted.
-m	file	--modify	read commands from cmd-file
-M	cmd	--Modify	Command line for the 'modify' action. ...
-n	enc	--encode	Charset to decode Exif Unicode user comments. See: man 3 iconv_open
-O	+-n	--months	Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of months, ...
-p	mod	--print	Print report (common reports)
-P	flg	--Print	Print report (fine grained control)
-q		--quiet	Silence warnings and error messages from the Exiv2 library ...
-Q	lvl	--log	Set the log-level to 'd'(ebug), 'i'(nfo), 'w'(arning), 'e'(rror)
-r	fmt	--rename	Filename format for the 'rename' action. ...
-S	suf	--suffix	Use suffix .suf for source files for insert command.
-t		--timestamp	Set the file timestamp according to the Exif create timestamp ...
-T		--Timestamp	Only set the file timestamp according to Exif create timestamp ...
-u		--unknown	Show unknown tags ...
-v		--verbose	verbose
-V		--version	Show the program version and exit.
-Y	+-n	--years	Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of years ...

act		pr | ex | in | rm | ad | mo | mv | fi | fc
		print, extract, insert, delete, adjust, modify, rename, fixiso, fixcom

cmd		See "Commands" below.

flg		E | I | X | x | g | k | l | n | y | c | s | v | t | h
		Exif, IPTC, XMP, num, grp, key, label, name, type, count, size, vanilla, translated, hex

fmt		Default format is %Y%m%d_%H%M%S.

lvl		d | i | i | w | e
		debug, info, warning, error

mod		s | a | e | t | v | h | i | x | c | p | i | C | R | S | X
		summary, all, exif, translated, vanilla, hex, iptc, xmp, comment, preview,
		ICC Profile, Recursive Structure, Simple Structure, raw XMP

tgt		a | c | e | i | p | t | x | C | X | XX | -
		all, comment, exif, iptc, preview, thumb, xmp, ICC Profile, SideCar, RawXMP, stdin/out

OPTIONS

-h

Display help and exit.

-V

Show the program version and exit.
When -V is combined with -v (Verbose version), build information is printed to standard output along with a list of shared libraries which have been loaded into memory. Verbose version is supported on Windows (MSVC, Cygwin and MinGW builds), macOS and Linux and is provided for test and debugging.

-v

Be verbose during the program run.

-q

Silence warnings and error messages from the Exiv2 library during the program run (quiet). Note that options -v and -q can be used at the same time.

-Q lvl

Set the log-level to 'd'(ebug), 'i'(nfo), 'w'(arning), 'e'(rror) or 'm'(ute). The default log-level is 'w'. -Qm is equivalent to -q. All log messages are written to standard error.

-b

The output from large binary values is to restricted by default. When outputting the value of a large value such as MakerNote, the default behaviour is to restrict the data and end with "...". The option --binary enables you to see all the data.

-u

Show unknown tags (default is to suppress tags which don't have a name).

-g key

Only keys which match the given key (grep).
Multiple -g options can be used to filter info to less keys. Example: exiv2 -v -V -g webready -g time. The default exiv2 command prints a "summary report" which is quite short. When you use -g without a -pmod option, you do not get a summary report and in effect you get -g pattern -pa image ...

$ bin/exiv2 -g Date http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
Exif.Image.DateTime                 Ascii    20  2015:07:16 20:25:28
Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal         Ascii    20  2015:07:16 15:38:54
Exif.Photo.DateTimeDigitized        Ascii    20  2015:07:16 15:38:54
Exif.NikonWt.DateDisplayFormat      Byte      1  Y/M/D
Exif.GPSInfo.GPSDateStamp           Ascii    11  2015:07:16
Xmp.xmp.ModifyDate                  XmpText  25  2015-07-16T20:25:28+01:00

You may use -pmod filters to further filter output. For example:

$ bin/exiv2 -px -g Date http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
Xmp.xmp.ModifyDate                           XmpText    25  2015-07-16T20:25:28+01:00

The option -g (--grep) applies to keys and not values.
The key may finish with the optional modifier /i to indicate case insensitive.

-K key

Only report data for given key.
Multiple -K options can be used to report more than a single key.

$ exiv2 -K Exif.Photo.DateTimeDigitized -K Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal -pt R.jpg
Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal   Ascii    20  2011:09:18 16:25:48
Exif.Photo.DateTimeDigitized  Ascii    20  2011:09:18 16:25:48
-n enc

Charset to use to decode Exif Unicode user comments. enc is a name understood by iconv_open(3), e.g., 'UTF-8'.

-k

Preserve file timestamps when updating files (keep). Can be used with all options which update files. The flag is ignored by read-only options.

-t

Set the file timestamp according to the Exif create timestamp in addition to renaming the file (overrides -k). This option is only used with the 'rename' action. See Exif DateTime below for additional information.

-T

Only set the file timestamp according to the Exif create timestamp, do not rename the file (overrides -k). This option is only used with the 'rename' action. Note: On Windows you may have to set the TZ environment variable for this option to work correctly. See Exif DateTime below for additional information.

-f,-F

These options are used by the commands 'rename' and 'extract' to determine the file overwrite policy. These options are usually combined with -v/--verbose to provide additional status output.

The options --force and --Force apply to the 'rename' command. The 'extract' command treats --force and --Force as permission to overwrite.

The default behaviour is to prompt the user.
-f = Do not prompt before overwriting existing files.
-F = Do not prompt before renaming files. Appends '_1' ('_2', ...) to the name of the new file. For example:

$ curl --silent -O http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
$ exiv2 --verbose --Force rename Stonehenge.jpg
File 1/1: Stonehenge.jpg
Renaming file to ./20150716_153854.jpg
$ curl --silent -O http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
$ exiv2 --verbose --Force rename Stonehenge.jpg
File 1/1: Stonehenge.jpg
Renaming file to ./20150716_153854_1.jpg

The 'rename' command will only overwrite files when the option --force is used. The option --Force is provided to avoid unintentional loss of valuable image files.

The 'extract' command will overwrite files when either --force or --Force is used. Overwriting extracted files will not cause the loss of image files.

-r fmt

Filename format for the 'rename' action. The format string follows strftime(3) and supports the following keywords:

:basename: original filename without extension
:dirname: name of the directory holding the original file
:parentname: name of parent directory

Default filename format is %Y%m%d_%H%M%S.

-a time

Time adjustment in the format [-]HH[:MM[:SS]]. This option is only used with the 'adjust' action. Examples: 1 adds one hour, 1:01 adds one hour and one minute, -0:00:30 subtracts 30 seconds. See Exif DateTime below for additional information.

-Y yrs

Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of years, for the 'adjust' action.

-O mon

Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of months, for the 'adjust' action.

-D day

Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of days, for the 'adjust' action.

-p mode

Print mode for the 'print' action. Possible modes are:

s : print a summary of the Exif metadata (the default)
a : print Exif, IPTC and XMP metadata (shortcut for -Pkyct)
e : print Exif metadata (shortcut for -PEkycv)
t : interpreted (translated) Exif tags (-PEkyct)
v : plain Exif tag values (-PExgnycv)
h : hexdump of the Exif data (-PExgnycsh)
i : IPTC datasets (-PIkyct)
x : XMP properties (-PXkyct)
c : JPEG comment
p : list available image previews, sorted by preview image size in pixels
C : print image ICC Profile (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
R : print image structure recursively (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
S : print image structure information (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
X : print "raw" XMP (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
-P flgs

Print flags for fine control of the tag list ('print' action). Allows control of the type of metadata as well as data columns included in the print output. Valid flags are:

E : include Exif tags in the list
I : IPTC datasets
X : XMP properties
x : print a column with the tag number
g : group name
k : key
l : tag label
n : tag name
y : type
c : number of components (count)
s : size in bytes
v : plain data value (vanilla values)
V : plain data value AND the word 'set ' (for use with exiv2 -m-)
t : interpreted (translated) human readable data
h : hexdump of the data
-d tgt

Delete target(s) for the 'delete' action. Possible targets are:

a : all supported metadata (the default)
e : Exif section
t : Exif thumbnail only
i : IPTC data
x : XMP packet
c : JPEG comment
C : ICC Profile
I : All IPTC data
-i tgt

Insert target(s) for the 'insert' action. Possible targets are the same as those for the -d option, plus an optional modifier:

X : Insert metadata from an XMP sidecar file <file>.xmp. The remaining insert targets determine what metadata to insert from the sidecar file. Possible are Exif, IPTC and XMP and the default is all of these. Note that the inserted XMP properties include those converted to Exif and IPTC.

XX: Insert "raw" XMP metadata from a sidecar (see option -pX)

- : Read from stdin. This option is intended for "filter" operations such as:
$ exiv2 -e{tgt}- filename | xmllint .... | exiv2 -i{tgt}- filename

Only JPEG thumbnails can be inserted (not TIFF thumbnails), and must be named file-thumb.jpg.

-e tgt

Extract target(s) for the 'extract' action. Possible targets are the same as those for the -d option, plus a target to extract preview images and a modifier to generate an XMP sidecar file:
p[<n>[,<m> ...]] : Extract preview images. The optional comma separated list of preview image numbers is used to determine which preview images to extract. The available preview images and their numbers are displayed with the 'print' option -pp.

C : Extract embedded ICC profile to <file>.icc

X : Extract metadata to an XMP sidecar file <file>.xmp. The remaining extract targets determine what metadata to extract to the sidecar file. Possible are Exif, IPTC and XMP and the default is all of these.

XX: Extract "raw" XMP metadata to a sidecar (see -pX)
You may not use modify commands with the -eXX option and only XMP is written to the sidecar.

- Output to stdout (see -i tgt for an example of this feature)

-c txt

JPEG comment string to set in the image ('modify' action). This option can also be used with the 'extract' and 'insert' actions to modify metadata on-the-fly.

-m file

Command file for the 'modify' action. This option can also be used with the 'extract' and 'insert' actions to modify metadata on-the-fly. -m- represents standard-input.

-M cmd

Command line for the 'modify' action. This option can also be used with the 'extract' and 'insert' actions to modify metadata on-the-fly. The format for the commands is the same as that of the lines of a command file.

-l dir

Location (directory) for files to be inserted or extracted.

-S .suf

Use suffix .suf for source files in 'insert' action.

COMMANDS

Commands for the 'modify' action can be read from a command file, e.g.,

$ exiv2 -m cmd.txt image.jpg

or given on the command line, as in

$ exiv2 -M"add Iptc.Application2.Credit String Mr. Smith" image.jpg

Note the quotes. Multiple -m and -M options can be combined, and a non-standard XMP namespace registered.

$ exiv2 -M"reg myprefix http://ns.myprefix.me/" -M"add Xmp.myprefix.Whom Mr. Smith" -M"set Exif.Image.Artist Mr. Smith" image.jpg

When writing Exif, IPTC and XMP metadata, exiv2 enforces only a correct metadata structure. It is possible to write tags with types and values different from those specified in the standards, duplicate Exif tags, undefined tags, or incomplete metadata. While exiv2 is able to read all metadata that it can write, other programs may have difficulties with images that contain non standard-conforming metadata.

Command format

The format of a command is

set | add | del key [[type] value]
set

Set the value of an existing tag with a matching key or add the tag.

add

Add a tag (unless key is a non-repeatable IPTC key; nothing prevents you from adding duplicate Exif tags).

del

Delete all occurrences of a tag (requires only a key).

key

Exiv2 Exif, IPTC or XMP key.

type

Exif keys: Byte | Ascii | Short | Long | Rational | Undefined | SShort | SLong | SRational | Comment
IPTC keys: String | Date | Time | Short | Undefined
XMP keys: XmpAlt | XmpBag | XmpSeq | LangAlt

A default type is used if none is explicitly given. The default is determined based on key.

value

The remaining text on the line is the value. It can optionally be enclosed in single quotes ('value') or double quotes ("value").

The value is optional. Not providing any value is equivalent to an empty value ("") and is mainly useful to create an XMP array property, e.g., a bag.

The format of Exif Comment values include an optional charset specification at the beginning. Comments are used by the tags Exif.Photo.UserComment, Exif.GPSInfo.GPSProcessingMethod and Exif.GPSInfo.GPSAreaInformation. Comments are stored as Undefined tags with an 8 byte encoding definition follow by the encoded data. The charset is specified as follows:

[charset=Ascii|Jis|Unicode|Undefined] comment
charset=Undefined is the default

$ exiv2 -M'set Exif.Photo.UserComment charset=Ascii My photo' x.jpg
$ exiv2 -pa --grep UserComment x.jpg
Exif.Photo.UserComment         Undefined  16  My photo
$ exiv2 -pv --grep UserComment x.jpg
0x9286 Photo       UserComment Undefined  16  charset=Ascii My photo

$ exiv2 -M'set Exif.Photo.UserComment charset=Unicode \u0052\u006f\u0062\u0069\u006e' x.jpg
$ exiv2 -pa --grep UserComment x.jpg
Exif.Photo.UserComment                       Undefined  18  Robin
$ exiv2 -pv --grep UserComment x.jpg
0x9286 Photo        UserComment                 Undefined  18  charset=Unicode Robin

$ exiv2 -M'set Exif.GPSInfo.GPSProcessingMethod HYBRID-FIX' x.jpg
$ exiv2 -pa --grep ProcessingMethod        x.jpg
Exif.GPSInfo.GPSProcessingMethod             Undefined  18  HYBRID-FIX
$ exiv2 -pv --grep ProcessingMethod        x.jpg
0x001b GPSInfo     GPSProcessingMethod       Undefined  18  HYBRID-FIX

The format for an IPTC Date value is: YYYY-MM-DD (year, month, day)

The format for an IPTC Time value is: HH:MM:SS (hours, minutes, seconds) and may optionally be followed by: -HH:MM or +HH:MM (hours, minutes ahead/behind UTC)

The format of Rational (and SRational) is one of: integer | integer/integer | Fnumber | number
Rational Examples:

$ exiv2 "-Mset Exif.Photo.MaxApertureValue 557429/62500" X.jpg
$ exiv2 "-Mset Exif.Photo.MaxApertureValue F5.6" X.jpg

The Rational format Fnumber is for the convenience of setting aperture values. Aperture values are stored in Exif is an APEX value which can be evaluated by the expression:

apex-value  =    log(Fnumber) * 2.0 / log(2.0)
number      = exp(apex-value * log(2.0) / 2.0)

The Rational format Fnumber is valid for any Rational, even when the key is not an Aperture. More information about APEX value is available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APEX_system

The format of XMP LangAlt values includes an optional language qualifier:

lang="language-code" text

lang="x-default" is used if the value doesn't start with a language qualifier.

$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="de-DE" Euros' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="en-GB" Pounds' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="en-US" In God We Trust' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title All others pay cash' X.jpg

To remove a language specification, set the value to '' (empty string)

$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="en-US"' X.jpg

To remove all language specifications, delete the key:

$ exiv2 -M'del Xmp.dc.title' X.jpg

To register additional XMP namespaces, combine the command with:

reg prefix namespace

Command file format

Empty lines and lines starting with # in a command file are ignored (comments). Remaining lines are commands as described above.

EXIF TAGNAMES AND VALUES

Exiv2 displays metadata tags and values.

The tag is a triplet of Family.Group.Tagname. The following groups are defined for the family Exif:

GPSInfo           Canon           Fujifilm      NikonLd1      OlympusFe1     Pentax
Image             CanonCf                       NikonLd2      OlympusFe2     PentaxDng
Image2            CanonCs         Nikon1        NikonLd3      OlympusFe3
Image3            CanonF1         Nikon2        NikonMe       OlympusFe4     Samsung2
Iop               CanonPa         Nikon3        NikonPc       OlympusFe5     SamsungPictureWizard
MakerNote         CanonPi         NikonAFT      NikonPreview  OlympusFe6     SamsungPreview
MpfInfo           CanonPr         NikonAf       NikonSi01xx   OlympusFe7
Photo             CanonSi         NikonAf2      NikonSi02xx   OlympusFe8     Sony1
SubImage1         CanonTi         NikonAf22     NikonSiD300a  OlympusFe9     Sony1Cs
SubImage2                         NikonCb1      NikonSiD300b  OlympusFi      Sony1Cs2
SubImage3         Casio           NikonCb2      NikonSiD40    OlympusIp      Sony1MltCs7D
SubImage4         Casio2          NikonCb2a     NikonSiD80    OlympusRd      Sony1MltCsA100
SubImage5                         NikonCb3      NikonVr       OlympusRd2     Sony1MltCsNew
SubImage6         Minolta         NikonCb4      NikonWt       OlympusRi      Sony1MltCsOld
SubImage7         MinoltaCs5D     NikonFi                                    Sony2
SubImage8         MinoltaCs7D     NikonFl1      Olympus       Panasonic      Sony2Cs
SubImage9         MinoltaCsNew    NikonFl2      Olympus2      PanasonicRaw   Sony2Cs2
SubThumb1         MinoltaCsOld    NikonFl3      OlympusCs                    Sony2Fp
Thumbnail                         NikonIi       OlympusEq     Sigma          SonyMinolta

Exiv2 supports Exif 2.2 Standard Tags. Exiv2 also supports reading and writing manufacturer's MakerNote. The information in Exif.Photo.MakerNote is encoded as manufacturer's sub-records. For example, CanonCs are Camera Settings, NikonAf are Nikon Auto Focus records, NikonCb are Nikon Color Balance Records. Every tag is defined by a unique tagId (16 bit integer) which is unique within a Group.

You can query Exiv2 groups and tags with the sample program taglist which is documented in README-SAMPLES.md

Exif Metadata values are defined in the Exif Standard. All data is an array of data elements. The Count defines the number elements in the array. All elements in an array have the same type.

Type               Explanation
 1 BYTE            An 8-bit unsigned integer.
 2 ASCII           7-bit ASCII. NUL terminated.
 3 SHORT           A 16-bit (2-byte) unsigned integer.
 4 LONG            A 32-bit (4-byte) unsigned integer
 5 RATIONAL        Two LONGs. Numerator, denominator.
 7 UNDEFINED       An 8-bit byte.
 8 SSHORT          A 16-bit (2-byte) signed integer.
 9 SLONG           A 32-bit (4-byte) signed integer.
10 SRATIONAL       Two SLONGs. Numerator, denominator.

The printing flag t = translated and is intended for human use. Scripts should never use translated values as they are localised and the format may change as Exiv2 evolves. The printing flag v reports the values recorded in the metadata and should be used by scripts.

Exif DateTime

An Exif DateTime string is stored as 20 ascii bytes (including trailing nul) in the format:

YYYY:MM:DD HH:MM:SS

The exiv2 command-line program options -t and -T will accept files in which the Date has been incorrectly stored as YYYY-MM-DD. The option -a enables the user to adjust the DateTime in the file and applies the YYYY:MM:DD HH:MM:SS standard.

CONFIGURATION FILE

Exiv2 can read an optional configuration file ~/.exiv2 on Unix systems and %USERPROFILE%\exiv2.ini on Windows (using a Visual Studio build). Cygwin and MinGW/msys2 follow the unix convention and use ~/.exiv2 You can determine the location of the configuration file with the command:

$ exiv2 --verbose --version --grep config_path
exiv2 0.27.0.1
config_path=/Users/rmills/.exiv2

The purpose of the configuration file is to define your own lenses for recognition by Exiv2. The configuration file is in Windows .ini format and has sections for each of the major camera manufactures canon,nikon,pentax,minolta,olympus and sony. The lens metadata is stored as a integer called the lensID. You can change the lens name associated with any lensID.

$ cat ~/.exiv2
[nikon]
146=Robin's Sigma Lens  <--- The name of your lens

You obtain the lensID for your camera with the command:

$ exiv2 -pv --grep lens/i http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
0x0083 Nikon3       LensType           Byte       1  14
0x0084 Nikon3       Lens               Rational   4  180/10 2500/10 35/10 63/10
0x008b Nikon3       LensFStops         Undefined  4  55 1 12 0
0x000c NikonLd3     LensIDNumber       Byte       1  146 <--- This number
0x000d NikonLd3     LensFStops         Byte       1  55

EXAMPLES

$ exiv2 *.jpg

Prints a summary of the Exif information for all JPEG files in the directory. The summary report is rather brief and presentation does not use the Family.Group.Tag convention.

If you use --grep pattern, the default becomes -pa. See -g/grep above.

$ exiv2 -g Date http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
$ exiv2 -pi image.jpg

Prints the IPTC metadata of the image.

$ exiv2 rename img_1234.jpg

Renames img_1234.jpg (taken on 13-Nov-05 at 22:58:31) to 20051113_225831.jpg

$ exiv2 -r'basename_%Y%m' rename img_1234.jpg

Renames img_1234.jpg to img_1234_200511.jpg

$ exiv2 -et img1.jpg img2.jpg

Extracts the Exif thumbnails from the two files into img1-thumb.jpg and img2-thumb.jpg.

$ exiv2 -it img1.jpg img2.jpg

Inserts (copies) metadata from img1.exv to img1.jpg and from img2.exv to img2.jpg.

$ exiv2 -ep1,2 image.jpg

Extracts previews 1 and 2 from the image to the files image-preview1.jpg and image-preview2.jpg.

$ exiv2 -eiX image.jpg

Extracts IPTC datasets into an XMP sidecar file image.xmp and in the process converts them to "IPTC Core" XMP schema.

$ exiv2 -iixX image.jpg

Inserts IPTC and XMP metadata from an XMP sidecar file image.xmp into image.jpg. The resulting IPTC datasets are converted from the "IPTC Core" XMP schema properties in the sidecar file to the older IPTC IIM4 format. The inserted XMP properties include those in the "IPTC Core" XMP schema.

$ exiv2 -M"set Exif.Photo.UserComment charset=Ascii New Exif comment" image.jpg

Sets the Exif comment to an ASCII string.

$ exiv2 -M"set Exif.GPSInfo.GPSLatitude 4/1 15/1 33/1" \ -M"set Exif.GPSInfo.GPSLatitudeRef N" image.jpg

Sets the latitude to 4 degrees, 15 minutes and 33 seconds north. The Exif standard stipulates that the GPSLatitude tag consists of three Rational numbers for the degrees, minutes and seconds of the latitude and GPSLatitudeRef contains either 'N' or 'S' for north or south latitude respectively.

$ exiv2 insert -l/tmp -S.CRW /data/*.JPG

Copy all metadata from CRW files in the /tmp directory to JPG files with corresponding basenames in the /data directory. Note that this copies metadata as is, without any modifications to adapt it to the requirements of the target format. Some tags copied like this may not make sense in the target image.

AUTHORS

exiv2 was written by Andreas Huggel and others.
The Exiv2 project web site is https://exiv2.org.
The code is hosted on GitHub at https://github.com/exiv2/exiv2

SEE ALSO

https://exiv2.org/sample.html#modify Sample command files. https://exiv2.org/metadata.html Taglists with key and default type values.

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