set the environment for command invocation
Show the environment
Run a program. Often used in scripts after the shebang (#!) for looking up the path to the program
Clear the environment and run a program
Remove variable from the environment and run a program
Set a variable and run a program
Set multiple variables and run a program
env [OPTION]... [-] [NAME=VALUE]... [COMMAND [ARG]...]
Set each NAME to VALUE in the environment and run COMMAND.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
- -i, --ignore-environment
start with an empty environment
- -0, --null
end each output line with NUL, not newline
- -u, --unset=NAME
remove variable from the environment
- -C, --chdir=DIR
change working directory to DIR
- -S, --split-string=S
process and split S into separate arguments; used to pass multiple arguments on shebang lines
block delivery of SIG signal(s) to COMMAND
reset handling of SIG signal(s) to the default
set handling of SIG signal(s) to do nothing
list non default signal handling to stderr
- -v, --debug
print verbose information for each processing step
display this help and exit
output version information and exit
A mere - implies -i. If no COMMAND, print the resulting environment.
SIG may be a signal name like 'PIPE', or a signal number like '13'. Without SIG, all known signals are included. Multiple signals can be comma-separated.
-S/--split-string usage in scripts
The -S option allows specifying multiple parameters in a script. Running a script named 1.pl containing the following first line:
#!/usr/bin/env -S perl -w -T ...
Will execute perl -w -T 1.pl .
Without the '-S' parameter the script will likely fail with:
/usr/bin/env: 'perl -w -T': No such file or directory
See the full documentation for more details.
This option allows setting a signal handler to its default action, which is not possible using the traditional shell trap command. The following example ensures that seq will be terminated by SIGPIPE no matter how this signal is being handled in the process invoking the command.
sh -c 'env --default-signal=PIPE seq inf | head -n1'
POSIX's exec(3p) pages says:
"many existing applications wrongly assume that they start with certain signals set to the default action and/or unblocked.... Therefore, it is best not to block or ignore signals across execs without explicit reason to do so, and especially not to block signals across execs of arbitrary (not closely cooperating) programs."
GNU coreutils online help:
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Copyright © 2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
sigaction(2), sigprocmask(2), signal(7) Full documentation <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/env> or available locally via: info '(coreutils) env invocation'
Written by Richard Mlynarik, David MacKenzie, and Assaf Gordon.