Control the settings of connected displays via DDC/CI.
List all compatible displays
Change the brightness (option 0x10) of display 1 to 50%
Increase the contrast (option 0x12) of display 1 by 5%
Read the settings of display 1
ddcutil [options] command [command-arguments] [options]
Options can be written either before or after the command and its arguments.
ddcutil is used to query and change monitor settings.
ddcutil communicates with monitors that implement the Monitor Control Command Set (MCCS) using the DDC/CI protocol on an I2C bus. Normally, the video driver for the monitor exposes the I2C bus as devices named /dev/i2c-n. Alternatively, ddcutil can communicate monitors that use USB to communicate MMCS, provided the monitors meet the USB Monitor Control Class Specification.
The Monitor Control Command Set describes a collection of Virtual Control Panel (VCP) features that a monitor can implement. Each feature is identified using a single byte. For example, feature x10 is the brightness control.
The monitor settings that can be controlled by ddcutil are generally speaking those that can be changed using the buttons on a monitor and its on screen display. The specific capabilities vary from monitor to monitor.
A particular use case for ddcutil is as part of color profile management. Monitor calibration is relative to the monitor color settings currently in effect, e.g. red gain. ddcutil allows color related settings to be saved at the time a monitor is calibrated, and then restored when the calibration is applied.
Another common use case is to switch the monitor input source.
ddcutil does not support laptop monitors, which do not implement DDC/CI.
These are the most used ddcutil commands.
- vcpinfo [ feature-code | feature-group ]
Describe VCP feature codes. as defined in the MCCS specification.
Query the monitor's capabilities string
- getvcp [ feature-code | feature-group ]
Report a single VCP feature value, or a group of feature values
- setvcp feature-code [+|-] new-value
Set a single VCP feature value. If + or - is specified, it must be surrounded by blanks, and indicates a relative value change of a Continuous VCP feature.
These commands address special situations.
- dumpvcp filename
Save color profile related VCP feature values in a file. If no file name is specified, one is generated and the file is saved in $HOME/.local/share/ddcutil,
- loadvcp filename
Set VCP feature values from a file. The monitor to which the values will be applied is determined by the monitor identification stored in the file. If the monitor is not attached, nothing happens.
Issue DDC/CI Save Current Settings request.
Tests if a hiddev device is a USB connected monitor, for use in udev rules.
These commands diagnose issues in the system configuration that affect ddcutil operation, and that gather information for remote problem diagnosis.
Probe the ddcutil installation environment.
Probe USB aspects of the ddcutil installation environment.
Explore the capabilities and features of a single monitor.
Collect maximum information for problem diagnosis. Includes the output of ddcutil environment --verbose andfor each detected monitor, the output of ddcutil capabilities --verbose and ddcutil probe --verbose.
A feature-code is specified by its 2 character hex feature number, with or without a leading "0x", e.g. 0x10, 10
The following are the most useful feature groups. For a complete list, use the --help option.
All feature codes understood by ddcutil
COLOR Scan color related feature codes
PROFILE Subset of color related feature codes that are saved and restored by dumpvcp and loadvcp
SCAN Scan all possible feature codes 0x00..0xff, except those known the be write-only
Feature group names can be abbreviated to the first 3 characters. Case is ignored. e.g. "COL", "pro".
Normally, this is a decimal number in the range 0..255, or a hexadecimal number in the range x00..xff. More generally, this is actually a two byte value, i.e. x00..xffff, and a few features use this extended range.
Options for monitor selection. If none are specified, the default is the first detected monitor. Options --mfg, --model and --sn can be specified together.
-d , --dis , --display , display-number logical display number (starting from 1)
-b,--bus bus-number I2C bus number
--hiddev device number hiddev device number
-u,--usb busnum.devicenum USB bus and device numbers
-g,--mfg 3 letter manufacturer code
-l,--model model name
-n,--sn serial number. (This is the "serial ascii" field from the EDID, not the binary serial number.)
-e,--edid 256 hex character representation of the 128 byte EDID. Needless to say, this is intended for program use.
Feature selection filters
-U, --show-unsupported Normally, getvcp does not report unsupported features when querying a feature-group. This option forces output.
"--show-table | --no-table Normally, getvcp does not report Table type features when querying a feature-group. --show-table forces output. --no-table is the default.
--rw, --ro, --wo Limit getvcp or vcpinfo output to read-write, read-only, or (for vcpinfo) write-only features.
Options that control the amount and form of output.
-t, --terse, --brief Show brief detail. For command getvcp, the output is in machine readable form.
-v, --verbose Show extended detail
Options that modify behavior
--mccs MCCS version Tailor command input and output to a particular MCCS version, e.g. 2.1
--enable-usb, --disable-usb Enable or disable support for monitors that implement USB commuincation with the Virtual Control Panel. The default is --disable-usb
--enable-udf, --disable-udf Enable or disable support for user supplied feature definitions. The default is --enable-udf
enable-capabilities-cache, --disable-capabilities-cache Enable or disable caching of capabilities strings, improving performance. The default is "--enable-capabilities-cache
--force-slave-address Take control of slave addresses on the I2C bus even they are in use.
--verify | --noverify Verify or do not verify values set by setvcp or loadvcp. --noverify is the default.
--async If there are multiple monitors, initial checks are performed in multiple threads, improving performance.
--edid-read-size 128|256 Force ddcutil to read the specified number of bytes when reading the EDID. This option is a work-around for certain driver bugs. The default is 256.
Options to tune execution:
--maxtries (max-read-tries, max-write-read-tries, max-multi-part-tries) Adjust the number of retries. A value of "." or "0" leaves the setting for a retry type unchanged.
--sleep-multiplier decimal number Adjust the length of waits listed in the DDC/CI specification by this number to determine the actual wait time. Well behaved monitors work with sleep-multiplier values less than 1.0, while monitors with poor DDC implementations may work better with sleep-multiplier values greater than 1.0.
Options for diagnostic output.
--stats [all|errors|tries|calls|elapsed|time] Report execution statistics. If no argument is specified, or ALL is specified, then all statistics are output. elapsed is a synonym for time. calls implies time.
I2C bus communication is an inherently unreliable. It is the responsibility of the program using the bus to manage retries in case of failure. This option reports retry counts and various performance statistics.
--ddc Reports DDC protocol errors. These may reflect I2C bus errors, or deviations by monitors from the MCCS specification.
--trace trace group name Enable tracing for functions in the specified trace group. For a list of trace group names, use the --help option. This option can be specified more than once.
--trcfunc function name Trace the specified function, which must have been enabled for tracing. This option can be specified more than once.
--trcfile file name Trace all functions in a source file that are enabled for tracing. The argument is a simple file name, with or without the ".c" suffix, e.g. "i2c_bus_core", "i2c_bus_core.c". This option can be specified more than once.
--timestamp, --ts Preface trace messages with the time since program start. --thread-id,--tid Preface trace messages with the thread number.
excp Report freed exceptions
Options for program information.
-h,--help Show program help.
-V, --version Show program version.
Some Nvidia cards using the proprietary Nvidia driver require special settings to properly enable I2C support. If you are using this driver and ddccutil does not work with your Nvidia card, you can try the following:
Copy file /usr/share/ddcutil/data/90-nvidia-i2c.conf to directory /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d:
sudo cp /usr/share/ddcutil/data/90-nvidia-i2c.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d
This file will work "out of the box" if you do not have an /etc/X11/xorg.conf file. If you do, adjust the Identifier value in the file to correspond to the value in the master xorg.conf file.
(The above instructions assume that the normal location of the ddcutil data directory. YMMV.)
Virtualized video drivers in VMWare and VirtualBox do not provide I2C emulation. Use of normal video drivers with PCI passthrough is possible.
Identify all attached monitors.
ddcutil getvcp supported
Show all settings that the default monitor supports and that ddcutil understands.
ddctpp getvcp 10 --display 2
Query the luminosity value of the second monitor.
ddcutil setvcp 10 30 --bus 4
Set the luminosity value for the monitor on bus /dev/i2c-4.
ddcutil vcpinfo --verbose
Show detailed information about VCP features that ddcutil understands.
ddcutil interrogate > ~/ddcutil.out
Collect maximum information about monitor capabilities and the execution environment, and direct the output to a file.
Returns 0 on success, 1 on failure.
Requesting help is regarded as success.
The project homepage:
Sanford Rockowitz (rockowitz at minsoft dot com)
Copyright 2015-2020 Sanford Rockowitz