Scrub btrfs filesystems to verify data integrity.
btrfs scrub <subcommand> <args>
btrfs scrub is used to scrub a mounted btrfs filesystem, which will read all data and metadata blocks from all devices and verify checksums. Automatically repair corrupted blocks if there’s a correct copy available.
Scrub is not a filesystem checker (fsck) and does not verify nor repair structural damage in the filesystem. It really only checks checksums of data and tree blocks, it doesn’t ensure the content of tree blocks is valid and consistent. There’s some validation performed when metadata blocks are read from disk but it’s not extensive and cannot substitute full btrfs check run.
The user is supposed to run it manually or via a periodic system service. The recommended period is a month but could be less. The estimated device bandwidth utilization is about 80% on an idle filesystem. The IO priority class is by default idle so background scrub should not significantly interfere with normal filesystem operation. The IO scheduler set for the device(s) might not support the priority classes though.
The scrubbing status is recorded in /var/lib/btrfs/ in textual files named scrub.status.UUID for a filesystem identified by the given UUID. (Progress state is communicated through a named pipe in file scrub.progress.UUID in the same directory.) The status file is updated every 5 seconds. A resumed scrub will continue from the last saved position.
Scrub can be started only on a mounted filesystem, though it’s possible to scrub only a selected device. See scrub start for more.
If a scrub is running on the filesystem identified by path or device, cancel it.
If a device is specified, the corresponding filesystem is found and btrfs scrub cancel behaves as if it was called on that filesystem. The progress is saved in the status file so btrfs scrub resume can continue from the last position.
resume [-BdqrR] [-c <ioprio_class> -n <ioprio_classdata>] <path>|<device>
Resume a cancelled or interrupted scrub on the filesystem identified by path or on a given device. The starting point is read from the status file if it exists.
This does not start a new scrub if the last scrub finished successfully.
see scrub start.
start [-BdqrRf] [-c <ioprio_class> -n <ioprio_classdata>] <path>|<device>
Start a scrub on all devices of the mounted filesystem identified by path or on a single device. If a scrub is already running, the new one will not start. A device of an unmounted filesystem cannot be scrubbed this way.
Without options, scrub is started as a background process. The automatic repairs of damaged copies is performed by default for block group profiles with redundancy.
The default IO priority of scrub is the idle class. The priority can be configured similar to the ionice(1) syntax using -c and -n options. Note that not all IO schedulers honor the ionice settings.
do not background and print scrub statistics when finished
print separate statistics for each device of the filesystem (-B only) at the end
run in read-only mode, do not attempt to correct anything, can be run on a read-only filesystem
raw print mode, print full data instead of summary
set IO priority class (see ionice(1) manpage)
set IO priority classdata (see ionice(1) manpage)
force starting new scrub even if a scrub is already running, this can useful when scrub status file is damaged and reports a running scrub although it is not, but should not normally be necessary
(deprecated) alias for global -q option
status [options] <path>|<device>
Show status of a running scrub for the filesystem identified by path or for the specified device.
If no scrub is running, show statistics of the last finished or cancelled scrub for that filesystem or device.
print separate statistics for each device of the filesystem
print all raw statistics without postprocessing as returned by the status ioctl
print all numbers raw values in bytes without the B suffix
print human friendly numbers, base 1024, this is the default
select the 1024 base for the following options, according to the IEC standard
select the 1000 base for the following options, according to the SI standard
show sizes in KiB, or kB with --si
show sizes in MiB, or MB with --si
show sizes in GiB, or GB with --si
show sizes in TiB, or TB with --si
btrfs scrub returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is returned in case of failure:
scrub couldn’t be performed
there is nothing to resume
scrub found uncorrectable errors
btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Please refer to the btrfs wiki http://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org for further details.