zenity

display GTK+ dialogs

TLDR

Display the default question dialog

>_ zenity --question
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Display an info dialog displaying the text "Hello!"

>_ zenity --info --text="[Hello!]"
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Display a name/password form and output the data separated by ";"

>_ zenity --forms --add-entry="[Name]" --add-password="[Password]" --separator="[;]"
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Display a file selection form in which the user can only select directories

>_ zenity --file-selection --directory
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Display a progress bar which updates its message every second and show a progress percent

>_ [(echo "#1"; sleep 1; echo "50"; echo "#2"; sleep 1; echo "100")] | zenity --progress
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SYNOPSIS

zenity [options]

DESCRIPTION

zenity is a program that will display GTK+ dialogs, and return (either in the return code, or on standard output) the users input. This allows you to present information, and ask for information from the user, from all manner of shell scripts.

For example, zenity--question will return either 0, 1 or 5, depending on whether the user pressed OK , Cancel or timeout has been reached. zenity--entry will output on standard output what the user typed into the text entry field.

Comprehensive documentation is available in the GNOME Help Browser.

OPTIONS

This program follows the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two dashes (`-').


Dialog options


--calendar Display calendar dialog

--entry Display text entry dialog

--error Display error dialog

--file -selection Display file selection dialog

--info Display info dialog

--list Display list dialog

--notification Display notification

--progress Display progress indication dialog

--question Display question dialog

--text-info Display text information dialog

--warning Display warning dialog

--scale Display scale dialog

--color-selection Display color selection dialog

--password Display password dialog

--forms Display forms dialog


General options


--title=TITLE Set the dialog title

--window-icon=ICONPATH Set the window icon with the path to an image. Alternatively, one of the four stock icons can be used: 'error', 'info', 'question' or 'warning'

--width=WIDTH Set the dialog width

--height=HEIGHT Set the dialog height

--timeout=TIMEOUT Set the dialog timeout in seconds

Calendar options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--day=INT Set the calendar day

--month=INT Set the calendar month

--year=INT Set the calendar year

--date-format=PATTERN Set the format for the returned date. The default depends on the user locale or be set with the strftime style. For example %A %d/%m/%y


Text entry options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--entry-text=STRING Set the entry text

--hide-text Hide the entry text


Error options

--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--no -wrap Do not enable text wrapping

--no -markup Do not enable pango markup


File selection options

--filename=FILENAME Set the file or directory to be selected by default

--multiple Allow selection of multiple filenames in file selection dialog

--directory Activate directory-only selection

--save Activate save mode

--separator=SEPARATOR Specify separator character when returning multiple filenames

--confirm -overwrite Confirm file selection if filename already exists

--file -filter=NAME | PATTERN1 PATTERN2 Sets a filename filter



Info options

--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--no -wrap Do not enable text wrapping

--no -markup Do not enable pango markup


List options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--column=STRING Set the column header

--checklist Use check boxes for first column

--radiolist Use radio buttons for first column

--separator=STRING Set output separator character

--multiple Allow multiple rows to be selected

--editable Allow changes to text

--print-column=NUMBER Specify what column to print to standard output. The default is to return the first column. 'ALL' may be used to print all columns.

--hide -column=NUMBER Hide a specific column

--hide -header Hides the column headers


Notification options


--text=STRING Set the notification text

--listen Listen for commands on stdin. Commands include 'message', 'tooltip', 'icon', and 'visible' separated by a colon. For example, 'message: Hello world', 'visible: false', or 'icon: /path/to/icon'. The icon command also accepts the four stock icon: 'error', 'info', 'question', and 'warning'


Progress options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--percentage=INT Set initial percentage

--auto -close Close dialog when 100% has been reached

--auto -kill Kill parent process if cancel button is pressed

--pulsate Pulsate progress bar

--no -cancel Hides the cancel button


Question options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--no -wrap Do not enable text wrapping

--no -markup Do not enable pango markup

--ok -label Set the text of the OK button

--cancel -label Set the text of the cancel button


Text options


--filename=FILENAME Open file

--editable Allow changes to text

--checkbox=TEXT Enable a checkbox for use like a 'I read and accept the terms.'

--ok -label Set the text of the OK button

--cancel -label Set the text of the cancel button


Warning options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--no -wrap Do not enable text wrapping

--no -markup Do not enable pango markup


Scale options


--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--value=VALUE Set initial value

--min -value=VALUE Set minimum value

--max -value=VALUE Set maximum value

--step=VALUE Set step size

--print -partial Print partial values

--hide -value Hide value


Color selection options


--color=VALUE Set the initial color

--show -palette Show the palette


Password dialog options


--username Display the username field


Forms dialog options


--add -entry=FIELDNAME Add a new Entry in forms dialog

--add -password=FIELDNAME Add a new Password Entry in forms dialog

--add -calendar=FIELDNAME Add a new Calendar in forms dialog

--text=STRING Set the dialog text

--separator=STRING Set output separator character

--forms -date-format=PATTERN Set the format for the returned date. The default depends on the user locale or be set with the strftime style. For example %A %d/%m/%y


Miscellaneous options


-?, --help Show summary of options.

--about Display an about dialog.

--version Show version of program.


Also the standard GTK+ options are accepted. For more information about the GTK+ options, execute following command.

zenity --help -gtk

ENVIRONMENT

Normally, zenity detects the terminal window from which it was launched and keeps itself above that window. This behavior can be disabled by unsetting the WINDOWID environment variable.

EXAMPLES

Display a file selector with the title Selecta file to remove .The file selected is returned on standard output.

zenity --title="Select a file to remove" --file-selection

Display a text entry dialog with the title SelectHost and the text Selectthe host you would like to flood-ping .The entered text is returned on standard output.

zenity --title "Select Host" --entry --text "Select the host you would like to flood-ping"

Display a dialog, asking MicrosoftWindows has been found! Would you like to remove it? .The return code will be 0 (true in shell) if OK is selected, and 1 (false) if Cancel is selected.

zenity --question --title "Alert" --text "Microsoft Windows has been found! Would you like to remove it?"

Show the search results in a list dialog with the title SearchResults and the text Findingall header files... .

find . -name '*.h' | zenity --list --title "Search Results" --text "Finding all header files.." --column "Files"

Show a notification in the message tray

zenity --notification --window-icon=update.png --text "System update necessary!"

Display a weekly shopping list in a check list dialog with Apples and Oranges pre selected

zenity --list --checklist --column "Buy" --column "Item" TRUE Apples TRUE Oranges FALSE Pears FALSE Toothpaste

Display a progress dialog while searching for all the postscript files in your home directory

find $HOME -name '*.ps' | zenity --progress --pulsate

SEE ALSO

dialog (1)

AUTHOR

Zenity was written by Glynn Foster <glynn.foster@sun.com>.

This manual page was written by Ross Burton <ross@burtonini.com>.

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