wireshark

Interactively dump and analyze network traffic

SYNOPSIS

wireshark [ -a ] ... [ -b ] ... [ -B ] [ -c ] [ -C ] [ -d ==, ] [ -D ] [ --display= ] [ -f ] [ --fullscreen ] [ -g ] [ -h ] [ -H ] [ -i |- ] [ -I ] [ -j ] [ -J ] [ -k ] [ -K ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -m ] [ -n ] [ -N ] [ -o ] ... [ -p ] [ -P ] [ -r ] [ -R ] [ -s ] [ -S ] [ -t a|ad|adoy|d|dd|e|r|u|ud|udoy ] [ -v ] [ -w ] [ -X ] [ -y ] [ -Y ] [ -z ] [ --enable-protocol ] [ --disable-protocol ] [ --enable-heuristic ] [ --disable-heuristic ] [ --list-time-stamp-types ] [ --time-stamp-type ] [ ]

DESCRIPTION

Wireshark is a GUI network protocol analyzer. It lets you interactively browse packet data from a live network or from a previously saved capture file. Wireshark's native capture file format is pcap format, which is also the format used by tcpdump and various other tools. Wireshark can read / import the following file formats: • pcap - captures from Wireshark/TShark/dumpcap, tcpdump, and various other tools using libpcap's/Npcap's/WinPcap's/tcpdump's/WinDump's capture format • pcapng - "next-generation" successor to pcap format • snoop and atmsnoop captures • Shomiti/Finisar Surveyor captures • Novell LANalyzer captures • Microsoft Network Monitor captures • AIX's iptrace captures • Cinco Networks NetXRay captures • Network Associates Windows-based Sniffer captures • Network General/Network Associates DOS-based Sniffer (compressed or uncompressed) captures • AG Group/WildPackets/Savvius EtherPeek/TokenPeek/AiroPeek/EtherHelp/PacketGrabber captures • RADCOM's WAN/LAN analyzer captures • Network Instruments Observer version 9 captures • Lucent/Ascend router debug output • files from HP-UX's nettl • Toshiba's ISDN routers dump output • the output from i4btrace from the ISDN4BSD project • traces from the EyeSDN USB S0. • the output in IPLog format from the Cisco Secure Intrusion Detection System • pppd logs (pppdump format) • the output from VMS's TCPIPtrace/TCPtrace/UCX$TRACE utilities • the text output from the DBS Etherwatch VMS utility • Visual Networks' Visual UpTime traffic capture • the output from CoSine L2 debug • the output from InfoVista's 5View LAN agents • Endace Measurement Systems' ERF format captures • Linux Bluez Bluetooth stack hcidump -w traces • Catapult DCT2000 .out files • Gammu generated text output from Nokia DCT3 phones in Netmonitor mode • IBM Series (OS/400) Comm traces (ASCII & UNICODE) • Juniper Netscreen snoop files • Symbian OS btsnoop files • TamoSoft CommView files • Textronix K12xx 32bit .rf5 format files • Textronix K12 text file format captures • Apple PacketLogger files • Files from Aethra Telecommunications' PC108 software for their test instruments • MPEG-2 Transport Streams as defined in ISO/IEC 13818-1 • Rabbit Labs CAM Inspector files • Colasoft Capsa files There is no need to tell Wireshark what type of file you are reading; it will determine the file type by itself. Wireshark is also capable of reading any of these file formats if they are compressed using gzip. Wireshark recognizes this directly from the file; the '.gz' extension is not required for this purpose. Like other protocol analyzers, Wireshark's main window shows 3 views of a packet. It shows a summary line, briefly describing what the packet is. A packet details display is shown, allowing you to drill down to exact protocol or field that you interested in. Finally, a hex dump shows you exactly what the packet looks like when it goes over the wire. In addition, Wireshark has some features that make it unique. It can assemble all the packets in a TCP conversation and show you the ASCII (or EBCDIC, or hex) data in that conversation. Display filters in Wireshark are very powerful; more fields are filterable in Wireshark than in other protocol analyzers, and the syntax you can use to create your filters is richer. As Wireshark progresses, expect more and more protocol fields to be allowed in display filters. Packet capturing is performed with the pcap library. The capture filter syntax follows the rules of the pcap library. This syntax is different from the display filter syntax. Compressed file support uses (and therefore requires) the zlib library. If the zlib library is not present, Wireshark will compile, but will be unable to read compressed files. The pathname of a capture file to be read can be specified with the -r option or can be specified as a command-line argument.

OPTIONS

Most users will want to start Wireshark without options and configure it from the menus instead. Those users may just skip this section. -a Specify a criterion that specifies when Wireshark is to stop writing to a capture file. The criterion is of the form test:value, where test is one of: duration:value Stop writing to a capture file after value seconds have elapsed. Floating point values (e.g. 0.5) are allowed. files:value Stop writing to capture files after value number of files were written. filesize:value Stop writing to a capture file after it reaches a size of value kB. If this option is used together with the -b option, Wireshark will stop writing to the current capture file and switch to the next one if filesize is reached. Note that the filesize is limited to a maximum value of 2 GiB. packets:value switch to the next file after it contains value packets. Same as -c. -b Cause Wireshark to run in "multiple files" mode. In "multiple files" mode, Wireshark will write to several capture files. When the first capture file fills up, Wireshark will switch writing to the next file and so on. The created filenames are based on the filename given with the -w flag, the number of the file and on the creation date and time, e.g. outfile_00001_20190714120117.pcap, outfile_00002_20190714120523.pcap, ... With the files option it's also possible to form a "ring buffer". This will fill up new files until the number of files specified, at which point Wireshark will discard the data in the first file and start writing to that file and so on. If the files option is not set, new files filled up until one of the capture stop conditions match (or until the disk is full). The criterion is of the form key:value, where key is one of: duration:value switch to the next file after value seconds have elapsed, even if the current file is not completely filled up. Floating point values (e.g. 0.5) are allowed. files:value begin again with the first file after value number of files were written (form a ring buffer). This value must be less than 100000. Caution should be used when using large numbers of files: some filesystems do not handle many files in a single directory well. The files criterion requires either duration, interval or filesize to be specified to control when to go to the next file. It should be noted that each -b parameter takes exactly one criterion; to specify two criterion, each must be preceded by the -b option. filesize:value switch to the next file after it reaches a size of value kB. Note that the filesize is limited to a maximum value of 2 GiB. interval:value switch to the next file when the time is an exact multiple of value seconds packets:value switch to the next file after it contains value packets. Example: -b filesize:1000 -b files:5 results in a ring buffer of five files of size one megabyte each. -B Set capture buffer size (in MiB, default is 2 MiB). This is used by the capture driver to buffer packet data until that data can be written to disk. If you encounter packet drops while capturing, try to increase this size. Note that, while Wireshark attempts to set the buffer size to 2 MiB by default, and can be told to set it to a larger value, the system or interface on which you're capturing might silently limit the capture buffer size to a lower value or raise it to a higher value. This is available on UNIX systems with libpcap 1.0.0 or later and on Windows. It is not available on UNIX systems with earlier versions of libpcap. This option can occur multiple times. If used before the first occurrence of the -i option, it sets the default capture buffer size. If used after an -i option, it sets the capture buffer size for the interface specified by the last -i option occurring before this option. If the capture buffer size is not set specifically, the default capture buffer size is used instead. -c Set the maximum number of packets to read when capturing live data. Same as -a packets:. -C Start with the given configuration profile. -d ==, Like Wireshark's Decode As... feature, this lets you specify how a layer type should be dissected. If the layer type in question (for example, tcp.port or udp.port for a TCP or UDP port number) has the specified selector value, packets should be dissected as the specified protocol. Example: -d tcp.port==8888,http will decode any traffic running over TCP port 8888 as HTTP. See the tshark(1) manual page for more examples. -D Print a list of the interfaces on which Wireshark can capture, and exit. For each network interface, a number and an interface name, possibly followed by a text description of the interface, is printed. The interface name or the number can be supplied to the -i flag to specify an interface on which to capture. This can be useful on systems that don't have a command to list them (UNIX systems lacking ifconfig -a or Linux systems lacking ip link show). The number can be useful on Windows systems, where the interface name might be a long name or a GUID. Note that "can capture" means that Wireshark was able to open that device to do a live capture; if, on your system, a program doing a network capture must be run from an account with special privileges (for example, as root), then, if Wireshark is run with the -D flag and is not run from such an account, it will not list any interfaces. --display= Specifies the X display to use. A hostname and screen (otherhost:0.0) or just a screen (:0.0) can be specified. This option is not available under Windows. -f Set the capture filter expression. This option can occur multiple times. If used before the first occurrence of the -i option, it sets the default capture filter expression. If used after an -i option, it sets the capture filter expression for the interface specified by the last -i option occurring before this option. If the capture filter expression is not set specifically, the default capture filter expression is used if provided. Pre-defined capture filter names, as shown in the GUI menu item Capture->Capture Filters, can be used by prefixing the argument with "predef:". Example: -f "predef:MyPredefinedHostOnlyFilter" --fullscreen Start Wireshark in full screen mode (kiosk mode). To exit from fullscreen mode, open the View menu and select the Full Screen option. Alternatively, press the F11 key (or Ctrl + Cmd + F for macOS). -g After reading in a capture file using the -r flag, go to the given packet number. -h Print the version and options and exit. -H Hide the capture info dialog during live packet capture. -i |- Set the name of the network interface or pipe to use for live packet capture. Network interface names should match one of the names listed in "wireshark -D" (described above); a number, as reported by "wireshark -D", can also be used. If you're using UNIX, "netstat -i", "ifconfig -a" or "ip link" might also work to list interface names, although not all versions of UNIX support the -a flag to ifconfig. If no interface is specified, Wireshark searches the list of interfaces, choosing the first non-loopback interface if there are any non-loopback interfaces, and choosing the first loopback interface if there are no non-loopback interfaces. If there are no interfaces at all, Wireshark reports an error and doesn't start the capture. Pipe names should be either the name of a FIFO (named pipe) or "-" to read data from the standard input. On Windows systems, pipe names must be of the form "\\pipe\.\pipename". Data read from pipes must be in standard pcapng or pcap format. Pcapng data must have the same endianness as the capturing host. This option can occur multiple times. When capturing from multiple interfaces, the capture file will be saved in pcapng format. -I Put the interface in "monitor mode"; this is supported only on IEEE 802.11 Wi-Fi interfaces, and supported only on some operating systems. Note that in monitor mode the adapter might disassociate from the network with which it's associated, so that you will not be able to use any wireless networks with that adapter. This could prevent accessing files on a network server, or resolving host names or network addresses, if you are capturing in monitor mode and are not connected to another network with another adapter. This option can occur multiple times. If used before the first occurrence of the -i option, it enables the monitor mode for all interfaces. If used after an -i option, it enables the monitor mode for the interface specified by the last -i option occurring before this option. -j Use after -J to change the behavior when no exact match is found for the filter. With this option select the first packet before. -J After reading in a capture file using the -r flag, jump to the packet matching the filter (display filter syntax). If no exact match is found the first packet after that is selected. -k Start the capture session immediately. If the -i flag was specified, the capture uses the specified interface. Otherwise, Wireshark searches the list of interfaces, choosing the first non- loopback interface if there are any non-loopback interfaces, and choosing the first loopback interface if there are no non-loopback interfaces; if there are no interfaces, Wireshark reports an error and doesn't start the capture. -K Load kerberos crypto keys from the specified keytab file. This option can be used multiple times to load keys from several files. Example: -K krb5.keytab -l Turn on automatic scrolling if the packet display is being updated automatically as packets arrive during a capture (as specified by the -S flag). -L List the data link types supported by the interface and exit. -n Disable network object name resolution (such as hostname, TCP and UDP port names), the -N flag might override this one. -N Turn on name resolving only for particular types of addresses and port numbers, with name resolving for other types of addresses and port numbers turned off. This flag overrides -n if both -N and -n are present. If both -N and -n flags are not present, all name resolutions are turned on. The argument is a string that may contain the letters: m to enable MAC address resolution n to enable network address resolution N to enable using external resolvers (e.g., DNS) for network address resolution t to enable transport-layer port number resolution d to enable resolution from captured DNS packets v to enable VLAN IDs to names resolution -o Set a preference or recent value, overriding the default value and any value read from a preference/recent file. The argument to the flag is a string of the form prefname:value, where prefname is the name of the preference/recent value (which is the same name that would appear in the preference/recent file), and value is the value to which it should be set. Since Ethereal 0.10.12, the recent settings replaces the formerly used -B, -P and -T flags to manipulate the GUI dimensions. If prefname is "uat", you can override settings in various user access tables using the form uat:uat filename:uat record. uat filename must be the name of a UAT file, e.g. user_dlts. uat_record must be in the form of a valid record for that file, including quotes. For instance, to specify a user DLT from the command line, you would use -o "uat:user_dlts:\"User 0 (DLT=147)\",\"cops\",\"0\",\"\",\"0\",\"\"" -p Don't put the interface into promiscuous mode. Note that the interface might be in promiscuous mode for some other reason; hence, -p cannot be used to ensure that the only traffic that is captured is traffic sent to or from the machine on which Wireshark is running, broadcast traffic, and multicast traffic to addresses received by that machine. This option can occur multiple times. If used before the first occurrence of the -i option, no interface will be put into the promiscuous mode. If used after an -i option, the interface specified by the last -i option occurring before this option will not be put into the promiscuous mode. -P Special path settings usually detected automatically. This is used for special cases, e.g. starting Wireshark from a known location on an USB stick. The criterion is of the form key:path, where key is one of: persconf:path path of personal configuration files, like the preferences files. persdata:path path of personal data files, it's the folder initially opened. After the very first initialization, the recent file will keep the folder last used. -r Read packet data from infile, can be any supported capture file format (including gzipped files). It's not possible to use named pipes or stdin here! To capture from a pipe or from stdin use -i - -R When reading a capture file specified with the -r flag, causes the specified filter (which uses the syntax of display filters, rather than that of capture filters) to be applied to all packets read from the capture file; packets not matching the filter are discarded. -s Set the default snapshot length to use when capturing live data. No more than snaplen bytes of each network packet will be read into memory, or saved to disk. A value of 0 specifies a snapshot length of 262144, so that the full packet is captured; this is the default. This option can occur multiple times. If used before the first occurrence of the -i option, it sets the default snapshot length. If used after an -i option, it sets the snapshot length for the interface specified by the last -i option occurring before this option. If the snapshot length is not set specifically, the default snapshot length is used if provided. -S Automatically update the packet display as packets are coming in. -t a|ad|adoy|d|dd|e|r|u|ud|udoy Set the format of the packet timestamp displayed in the packet list window. The format can be one of: a absolute: The absolute time, as local time in your time zone, is the actual time the packet was captured, with no date displayed ad absolute with date: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY-MM-DD, and time, as local time in your time zone, is the actual time and date the packet was captured adoy absolute with date using day of year: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY/DOY, and time, as local time in your time zone, is the actual time and date the packet was captured d delta: The delta time is the time since the previous packet was captured dd delta_displayed: The delta_displayed time is the time since the previous displayed packet was captured e epoch: The time in seconds since epoch (Jan 1, 1970 00:00:00) r relative: The relative time is the time elapsed between the first packet and the current packet u UTC: The absolute time, as UTC, is the actual time the packet was captured, with no date displayed ud UTC with date: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY-MM-DD, and time, as UTC, is the actual time and date the packet was captured udoy UTC with date using day of year: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY/DOY, and time, as UTC, is the actual time and date the packet was captured The default format is relative. -v Print the version and exit. -w Set the default capture file name. -X Specify an option to be passed to an Wireshark module. The eXtension option is in the form extension_key:value, where extension_key can be: lua_script:lua_script_filename tells Wireshark to load the given script in addition to the default Lua scripts. lua_scriptnum:argument tells Wireshark to pass the given argument to the lua script identified by 'num', which is the number indexed order of the 'lua_script' command. For example, if only one script was loaded with '-X lua_script:my.lua', then '-X lua_script1:foo' will pass the string 'foo' to the 'my.lua' script. If two scripts were loaded, such as '-X lua_script:my.lua' and '-X lua_script:other.lua' in that order, then a '-X lua_script2:bar' would pass the string 'bar' to the second lua script, namely 'other.lua'. read_format:file_format tells Wireshark to use the given file format to read in the file (the file given in the -r command option). stdin_descr:description tells Wireshark to use the given description when capturing from standard input (-i -). -y If a capture is started from the command line with -k, set the data link type to use while capturing packets. The values reported by -L are the values that can be used. This option can occur multiple times. If used before the first occurrence of the -i option, it sets the default capture link type. If used after an -i option, it sets the capture link type for the interface specified by the last -i option occurring before this option. If the capture link type is not set specifically, the default capture link type is used if provided. -Y Start with the given display filter. -z Get Wireshark to collect various types of statistics and display the result in a window that updates in semi-real time. Currently implemented statistics are: -z help Display all possible values for -z. -z afp,srt[,filter] Show Apple Filing Protocol service response time statistics. -z conv,type[,filter] Create a table that lists all conversations that could be seen in the capture. type specifies the conversation endpoint types for which we want to generate the statistics; currently the supported ones are: "eth" Ethernet addresses "fc" Fibre Channel addresses "fddi" FDDI addresses "ip" IPv4 addresses "ipv6" IPv6 addresses "ipx" IPX addresses "tcp" TCP/IP socket pairs Both IPv4 and IPv6 are supported "tr" Token Ring addresses "udp" UDP/IP socket pairs Both IPv4 and IPv6 are supported If the optional filter is specified, only those packets that match the filter will be used in the calculations. The table is presented with one line for each conversation and displays the number of packets/bytes in each direction as well as the total number of packets/bytes. By default, the table is sorted according to the total number of packets. These tables can also be generated at runtime by selecting the appropriate conversation type from the menu "Tools/Statistics/Conversation List/". -z dcerpc,srt,name-or-uuid,major.minor[,filter] Collect call/reply SRT (Service Response Time) data for DCERPC interface name or uuid, version major.minor. Data collected is the number of calls for each procedure, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. Interface name and uuid are case-insensitive. Example: -z dcerpc,srt,12345778-1234-abcd-ef00-0123456789ac,1.0 will collect data for the CIFS SAMR Interface. This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z dcerpc,srt,12345778-1234-abcd-ef00-0123456789ac,1.0,ip.addr==1.2.3.4 will collect SAMR SRT statistics for a specific host. -z bootp,stat[,filter] Show DHCP (BOOTP) statistics. -z expert Show expert information. -z fc,srt[,filter] Collect call/reply SRT (Service Response Time) data for FC. Data collected is the number of calls for each Fibre Channel command, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. Example: -z fc,srt will calculate the Service Response Time as the time delta between the First packet of the exchange and the Last packet of the exchange. The data will be presented as separate tables for all normal FC commands, Only those commands that are seen in the capture will have its stats displayed. This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "fc,srt,fc.id==01.02.03" will collect stats only for FC packets exchanged by the host at FC address 01.02.03 . -z h225,counter[,filter] Count ITU-T H.225 messages and their reasons. In the first column you get a list of H.225 messages and H.225 message reasons which occur in the current capture file. The number of occurrences of each message or reason is displayed in the second column. Example: -z h225,counter This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "h225,counter,ip.addr==1.2.3.4" will collect stats only for H.225 packets exchanged by the host at IP address 1.2.3.4 . -z h225,srt[,filter] Collect request/response SRT (Service Response Time) data for ITU-T H.225 RAS. Data collected is the number of calls of each ITU-T H.225 RAS Message Type, Minimum SRT, Maximum SRT, Average SRT, Minimum in Packet, and Maximum in Packet. You will also get the number of Open Requests (Unresponded Requests), Discarded Responses (Responses without matching request) and Duplicate Messages. Example: -z h225,srt This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "h225,srt,ip.addr==1.2.3.4" will collect stats only for ITU-T H.225 RAS packets exchanged by the host at IP address 1.2.3.4 . -z io,stat Collect packet/bytes statistics for the capture in intervals of 1 second. This option will open a window with up to 5 color- coded graphs where number-of-packets-per-second or number-of- bytes-per-second statistics can be calculated and displayed. This option can be used multiple times on the command line. This graph window can also be opened from the Analyze:Statistics:Traffic:IO-Stat menu item. -z ldap,srt[,filter] Collect call/reply SRT (Service Response Time) data for LDAP. Data collected is the number of calls for each implemented LDAP command, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. Example: -z ldap,srt will calculate the Service Response Time as the time delta between the Request and the Response. The data will be presented as separate tables for all implemented LDAP commands, Only those commands that are seen in the capture will have its stats displayed. This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: use -z "ldap,srt,ip.addr==10.1.1.1" will collect stats only for LDAP packets exchanged by the host at IP address 10.1.1.1 . The only LDAP commands that are currently implemented and for which the stats will be available are: BIND SEARCH MODIFY ADD DELETE MODRDN COMPARE EXTENDED -z megaco,srt[,filter] Collect request/response SRT (Service Response Time) data for MEGACO. (This is similar to -z smb,srt). Data collected is the number of calls for each known MEGACO Command, Minimum SRT, Maximum SRT and Average SRT. Example: -z megaco,srt This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "megaco,srt,ip.addr==1.2.3.4" will collect stats only for MEGACO packets exchanged by the host at IP address 1.2.3.4 . -z mgcp,srt[,filter] Collect request/response SRT (Service Response Time) data for MGCP. (This is similar to -z smb,srt). Data collected is the number of calls for each known MGCP Type, Minimum SRT, Maximum SRT and Average SRT. Example: -z mgcp,srt This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "mgcp,srt,ip.addr==1.2.3.4" will collect stats only for MGCP packets exchanged by the host at IP address 1.2.3.4 . -z mtp3,msus[,] Show MTP3 MSU statistics. -z multicast,stat[,] Show UDP multicast stream statistics. -z rpc,programs Collect call/reply SRT data for all known ONC-RPC programs/versions. Data collected is the number of calls for each protocol/version, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. -z rpc,srt,name-or-number,version[,] Collect call/reply SRT (Service Response Time) data for program name/version or number/version. Data collected is the number of calls for each procedure, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. Program name is case-insensitive. Example: -z rpc,srt,100003,3 will collect data for NFS v3. This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z rpc,srt,nfs,3,nfs.fh.hash==0x12345678 will collect NFS v3 SRT statistics for a specific file. -z scsi,srt,cmdset[,] Collect call/reply SRT (Service Response Time) data for SCSI commandset . Commandsets are 0:SBC 1:SSC 5:MMC Data collected is the number of calls for each procedure, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. Example: -z scsi,srt,0 will collect data for SCSI BLOCK COMMANDS (SBC). This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z scsi,srt,0,ip.addr==1.2.3.4 will collect SCSI SBC SRT statistics for a specific iscsi/ifcp/fcip host. -z sip,stat[,filter] This option will activate a counter for SIP messages. You will get the number of occurrences of each SIP Method and of each SIP Status-Code. Additionally you also get the number of resent SIP Messages (only for SIP over UDP). Example: -z sip,stat This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "sip,stat,ip.addr==1.2.3.4" will collect stats only for SIP packets exchanged by the host at IP address 1.2.3.4 . -z smb,srt[,filter] Collect call/reply SRT (Service Response Time) data for SMB. Data collected is the number of calls for each SMB command, MinSRT, MaxSRT and AvgSRT. Example: -z smb,srt The data will be presented as separate tables for all normal SMB commands, all Transaction2 commands and all NT Transaction commands. Only those commands that are seen in the capture will have their stats displayed. Only the first command in a xAndX command chain will be used in the calculation. So for common SessionSetupAndX + TreeConnectAndX chains, only the SessionSetupAndX call will be used in the statistics. This is a flaw that might be fixed in the future. This option can be used multiple times on the command line. If the optional filter is provided, the stats will only be calculated on those calls that match that filter. Example: -z "smb,srt,ip.addr==1.2.3.4" will collect stats only for SMB packets exchanged by the host at IP address 1.2.3.4 . -z voip,calls This option will show a window that shows VoIP calls found in the capture file. This is the same window shown as when you go to the Statistics Menu and choose VoIP Calls. Example: -z voip,calls -z wlan,stat[,] Show IEEE 802.11 network and station statistics. -z wsp,stat[,] Show WSP packet counters. --enable-protocol Enable dissection of proto_name. --disable-protocol Disable dissection of proto_name. --enable-heuristic Enable dissection of heuristic protocol. --disable-heuristic Disable dissection of heuristic protocol. --list-time-stamp-types List time stamp types supported for the interface. If no time stamp type can be set, no time stamp types are listed. --time-stamp-type Change the interface's timestamp method.

INTERFACE

MENU ITEMS File:Open File:Open Recent File:Merge Merge another capture file to the currently loaded one. The File:Merge dialog box allows the merge "Prepended", "Chronologically" or "Appended", relative to the already loaded one. File:Close Open or close a capture file. The File:Open dialog box allows a filter to be specified; when the capture file is read, the filter is applied to all packets read from the file, and packets not matching the filter are discarded. The File:Open Recent is a submenu and will show a list of previously opened files. File:Save File:Save As Save the current capture, or the packets currently displayed from that capture, to a file. Check boxes let you select whether to save all packets, or just those that have passed the current display filter and/or those that are currently marked, and an option menu lets you select (from a list of file formats in which at particular capture, or the packets currently displayed from that capture, can be saved), a file format in which to save it. File:File Set:List Files Show a dialog box that lists all files of the file set matching the currently loaded file. A file set is a compound of files resulting from a capture using the "multiple files" / "ringbuffer" mode, recognizable by the filename pattern, e.g.: Filename_00001_20190714101530.pcap. File:File Set:Next File File:File Set:Previous File If the currently loaded file is part of a file set (see above), open the next / previous file in that set. File:Export Export captured data into an external format. Note: the data cannot be imported back into Wireshark, so be sure to keep the capture file. File:Print Print packet data from the current capture. You can select the range of packets to be printed (which packets are printed), and the output format of each packet (how each packet is printed). The output format will be similar to the displayed values, so a summary line, the packet details view, and/or the hex dump of the packet can be printed. Printing options can be set with the Edit:Preferences menu item, or in the dialog box popped up by this menu item. File:Quit Exit the application. Edit:Copy:Description Copies the description of the selected field in the protocol tree to the clipboard. Edit:Copy:Fieldname Copies the fieldname of the selected field in the protocol tree to the clipboard. Edit:Copy:Value Copies the value of the selected field in the protocol tree to the clipboard. Edit:Copy:As Filter Create a display filter based on the data currently highlighted in the packet details and copy that filter to the clipboard. If that data is a field that can be tested in a display filter expression, the display filter will test that field; otherwise, the display filter will be based on the absolute offset within the packet. Therefore it could be unreliable if the packet contains protocols with variable-length headers, such as a source-routed token-ring packet. Edit:Find Packet Search forward or backward, starting with the currently selected packet (or the most recently selected packet, if no packet is selected). Search criteria can be a display filter expression, a string of hexadecimal digits, or a text string. When searching for a text string, you can search the packet data, or you can search the text in the Info column in the packet list pane or in the packet details pane. Hexadecimal digits can be separated by colons, periods, or dashes. Text string searches can be ASCII or Unicode (or both), and may be case insensitive. Edit:Find Next Edit:Find Previous Search forward / backward for a packet matching the filter from the previous search, starting with the currently selected packet (or the most recently selected packet, if no packet is selected). Edit:Mark Packet (toggle) Mark (or unmark if currently marked) the selected packet. The field "frame.marked" is set for packets that are marked, so that, for example, a display filters can be used to display only marked packets, and so that the "Edit:Find Packet" dialog can be used to find the next or previous marked packet. Edit:Find Next Mark Edit:Find Previous Mark Find next/previous marked packet. Edit:Mark All Packets Edit:Unmark All Packets Mark / Unmark all packets that are currently displayed. Edit:Time Reference:Set Time Reference (toggle) Set (or unset if currently set) the selected packet as a Time Reference packet. When a packet is set as a Time Reference packet, the timestamps in the packet list pane will be replaced with the string "*REF*". The relative time timestamp in later packets will then be calculated relative to the timestamp of this Time Reference packet and not the first packet in the capture. Packets that have been selected as Time Reference packets will always be displayed in the packet list pane. Display filters will not affect or hide these packets. If there is a column displayed for "Cumulative Bytes" this counter will be reset at every Time Reference packet. Edit:Time Reference:Find Next Edit:Time Reference:Find Previous Search forward / backward for a time referenced packet. Edit:Configuration Profiles Manage configuration profiles to be able to use more than one set of preferences and configurations. Edit:Preferences Set the GUI, capture, printing and protocol options (see "Preferences" dialog below). View:Main Toolbar View:Filter Toolbar View:Statusbar Show or hide the main window controls. View:Packet List View:Packet Details View:Packet Bytes Show or hide the main window panes. View:Time Display Format Set the format of the packet timestamp displayed in the packet list window. View:Name Resolution:Resolve Name Try to resolve a name for the currently selected item. View:Name Resolution:Enable for ... Layer Enable or disable translation of addresses to names in the display. View:Colorize Packet List Enable or disable the coloring rules. Disabling will improve performance. View:Auto Scroll in Live Capture Enable or disable the automatic scrolling of the packet list while a live capture is in progress. View:Zoom In View:Zoom Out Zoom into / out of the main window data (by changing the font size). View:Normal Size Reset the zoom factor of zoom in / zoom out back to normal font size. View:Resize All Columns Resize all columns to best fit the current packet display. View:Expand / Collapse Subtrees Expands / Collapses the currently selected item and it's subtrees in the packet details. View:Expand All View:Collapse All Expand / Collapse all branches of the packet details. View:Colorize Conversation Select color for a conversation. View:Reset Coloring 1-10 Reset Color for a conversation. View:Coloring Rules Change the foreground and background colors of the packet information in the list of packets, based upon display filters. The list of display filters is applied to each packet sequentially. After the first display filter matches a packet, any additional display filters in the list are ignored. Therefore, if you are filtering on the existence of protocols, you should list the higher-level protocols first, and the lower-level protocols last. How Colorization Works Packets are colored according to a list of color filters. Each filter consists of a name, a filter expression and a coloration. A packet is colored according to the first filter that it matches. Color filter expressions use exactly the same syntax as display filter expressions. When Wireshark starts, the color filters are loaded from: 1. The user's personal color filters file or, if that does not exist, 2. The global color filters file. If neither of these exist then the packets will not be colored. View:Show Packet In New Window Create a new window containing a packet details view and a hex dump window of the currently selected packet; this window will continue to display that packet's details and data even if another packet is selected. View:Reload Reload a capture file. Same as File:Close and File:Open the same file again. Go:Back Go back in previously visited packets history. Go:Forward Go forward in previously visited packets history. Go:Go To Packet Go to a particular numbered packet. Go:Go To Corresponding Packet If a field in the packet details pane containing a packet number is selected, go to the packet number specified by that field. (This works only if the dissector that put that entry into the packet details put it into the details as a filterable field rather than just as text.) This can be used, for example, to go to the packet for the request corresponding to a reply, or the reply corresponding to a request, if that packet number has been put into the packet details. Go:Previous Packet Go:Next Packet Go:First Packet Go:Last Packet Go to the previous / next / first / last packet in the capture. Go:Previous Packet In Conversation Go:Next Packet In Conversation Go to the previous / next packet of the conversation (TCP, UDP or IP) Capture:Interfaces Shows a dialog box with all currently known interfaces and displaying the current network traffic amount. Capture sessions can be started from here. Beware: keeping this box open results in high system load! Capture:Options Initiate a live packet capture (see "Capture Options Dialog" below). If no filename is specified, a temporary file will be created to hold the capture. The location of the file can be chosen by setting your TMPDIR environment variable before starting Wireshark. Otherwise, the default TMPDIR location is system- dependent, but is likely either /var/tmp or /tmp. Capture:Start Start a live packet capture with the previously selected options. This won't open the options dialog box, and can be convenient for repeatedly capturing with the same options. Capture:Stop Stop a running live capture. Capture:Restart While a live capture is running, stop it and restart with the same options again. This can be convenient to remove irrelevant packets, if no valuable packets were captured so far. Capture:Capture Filters Edit the saved list of capture filters, allowing filters to be added, changed, or deleted. Analyze:Display Filters Edit the saved list of display filters, allowing filters to be added, changed, or deleted. Analyze:Display Filter Macros Create shortcuts for complex macros Analyze:Apply as Filter Create a display filter based on the data currently highlighted in the packet details and apply the filter. If that data is a field that can be tested in a display filter expression, the display filter will test that field; otherwise, the display filter will be based on the absolute offset within the packet. Therefore it could be unreliable if the packet contains protocols with variable-length headers, such as a source-routed token-ring packet. The Selected option creates a display filter that tests for a match of the data; the Not Selected option creates a display filter that tests for a non-match of the data. The And Selected, Or Selected, And Not Selected, and Or Not Selected options add to the end of the display filter in the strip at the top (or bottom) an AND or OR operator followed by the new display filter expression. Analyze:Prepare a Filter Create a display filter based on the data currently highlighted in the packet details. The filter strip at the top (or bottom) is updated but it is not yet applied. Analyze:Enabled Protocols Allow protocol dissection to be enabled or disabled for a specific protocol. Individual protocols can be enabled or disabled by clicking on them in the list or by highlighting them and pressing the space bar. The entire list can be enabled, disabled, or inverted using the buttons below the list. When a protocol is disabled, dissection in a particular packet stops when that protocol is reached, and Wireshark moves on to the next packet. Any higher-layer protocols that would otherwise have been processed will not be displayed. For example, disabling TCP will prevent the dissection and display of TCP, HTTP, SMTP, Telnet, and any other protocol exclusively dependent on TCP. The list of protocols can be saved, so that Wireshark will start up with the protocols in that list disabled. Analyze:Decode As If you have a packet selected, present a dialog allowing you to change which dissectors are used to decode this packet. The dialog has one panel each for the link layer, network layer and transport layer protocol/port numbers, and will allow each of these to be changed independently. For example, if the selected packet is a TCP packet to port 12345, using this dialog you can instruct Wireshark to decode all packets to or from that TCP port as HTTP packets. Analyze:User Specified Decodes Create a new window showing whether any protocol ID to dissector mappings have been changed by the user. This window also allows the user to reset all decodes to their default values. Analyze:Follow TCP Stream If you have a TCP packet selected, display the contents of the data stream for the TCP connection to which that packet belongs, as text, in a separate window, and leave the list of packets in a filtered state, with only those packets that are part of that TCP connection being displayed. You can revert to your old view by pressing ENTER in the display filter text box, thereby invoking your old display filter (or resetting it back to no display filter). The window in which the data stream is displayed lets you select: • whether to display the entire conversation, or one or the other side of it; • whether the data being displayed is to be treated as ASCII or EBCDIC text or as raw hex data; and lets you print what's currently being displayed, using the same print options that are used for the File:Print Packet menu item, or save it as text to a file. Analyze:Follow UDP Stream Analyze:Follow TLS Stream (Similar to Analyze:Follow TCP Stream) Analyze:Expert Info Analyze:Expert Info Composite (Kind of) a log of anomalies found by Wireshark in a capture file. Analyze:Conversation Filter Statistics:Summary Show summary information about the capture, including elapsed time, packet counts, byte counts, and the like. If a display filter is in effect, summary information will be shown about the capture and about the packets currently being displayed. Statistics:Protocol Hierarchy Show the number of packets, and the number of bytes in those packets, for each protocol in the trace. It organizes the protocols in the same hierarchy in which they were found in the trace. Besides counting the packets in which the protocol exists, a count is also made for packets in which the protocol is the last protocol in the stack. These last-protocol counts show you how many packets (and the byte count associated with those packets) ended in a particular protocol. In the table, they are listed under "End Packets" and "End Bytes". Statistics:Conversations Lists of conversations; selectable by protocol. See Statistics:Conversation List below. Statistics:End Points List of End Point Addresses by protocol with packets/bytes/.... counts. Statistics:Packet Lengths Grouped counts of packet lengths (0-19 bytes, 20-39 bytes, ...) Statistics:IO Graphs Open a window where up to 5 graphs in different colors can be displayed to indicate number of packets or number of bytes per second for all packets matching the specified filter. By default only one graph will be displayed showing number of packets per second. The top part of the window contains the graphs and scales for the X and Y axis. If the graph is too long to fit inside the window there is a horizontal scrollbar below the drawing area that can scroll the graphs to the left or the right. The horizontal axis displays the time into the capture and the vertical axis will display the measured quantity at that time. Below the drawing area and the scrollbar are the controls. On the bottom left there will be five similar sets of controls to control each individual graph such as "Display:

CAPTURE FILTER SYNTAX

See the manual page of pcap-filter(7) or, if that doesn't exist, tcpdump(8), or, if that doesn't exist, .

DISPLAY FILTER SYNTAX

For a complete table of protocol and protocol fields that are filterable in Wireshark see the wireshark-filter(4) manual page.

FILES

These files contains various Wireshark configuration settings. Preferences The preferences files contain global (system-wide) and personal preference settings. If the system-wide preference file exists, it is read first, overriding the default settings. If the personal preferences file exists, it is read next, overriding any previous values. Note: If the command line flag -o is used (possibly more than once), it will in turn override values from the preferences files. The preferences settings are in the form prefname:value, one per line, where prefname is the name of the preference and value is the value to which it should be set; white space is allowed between : and value. A preference setting can be continued on subsequent lines by indenting the continuation lines with white space. A # character starts a comment that runs to the end of the line: # Vertical scrollbars should be on right side? # TRUE or FALSE (case-insensitive). gui.scrollbar_on_right: TRUE The global preferences file is looked for in the wireshark directory under the share subdirectory of the main installation directory (for example, /usr/local/share/wireshark/preferences) on UNIX-compatible systems, and in the main installation directory (for example, C:\Program Files\Wireshark\preferences) on Windows systems. The personal preferences file is looked for in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/wireshark/preferences (or, if $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/wireshark does not exist while $HOME/.wireshark is present, $HOME/.wireshark/preferences) on UNIX-compatible systems and %APPDATA%\Wireshark\preferences (or, if %APPDATA% isn't defined, %USERPROFILE%\Application Data\Wireshark\preferences) on Windows systems. Note: Whenever the preferences are saved by using the Save button in the Edit:Preferences dialog box, your personal preferences file will be overwritten with the new settings, destroying any comments and unknown/obsolete settings that were in the file. Recent The recent file contains personal settings (mostly GUI related) such as the current Wireshark window size. The file is saved at program exit and read in at program start automatically. Note: The command line flag -o may be used to override settings from this file. The settings in this file have the same format as in the preferences files, and the same directory as for the personal preferences file is used. Note: Whenever Wireshark is closed, your recent file will be overwritten with the new settings, destroying any comments and unknown/obsolete settings that were in the file. Disabled (Enabled) Protocols The disabled_protos files contain system-wide and personal lists of protocols that have been disabled, so that their dissectors are never called. The files contain protocol names, one per line, where the protocol name is the same name that would be used in a display filter for the protocol: http tcp # a comment If a protocol is listed in the global disabled_protos file, it is not displayed in the Analyze:Enabled Protocols dialog box, and so cannot be enabled by the user. The global disabled_protos file uses the same directory as the global preferences file. The personal disabled_protos file uses the same directory as the personal preferences file. Note: Whenever the disabled protocols list is saved by using the Save button in the Analyze:Enabled Protocols dialog box, your personal disabled protocols file will be overwritten with the new settings, destroying any comments that were in the file. Name Resolution (hosts) If the personal hosts file exists, it is used to resolve IPv4 and IPv6 addresses before any other attempts are made to resolve them. The file has the standard hosts file syntax; each line contains one IP address and name, separated by whitespace. The same directory as for the personal preferences file is used. Capture filter name resolution is handled by libpcap on UNIX- compatible systems and WinPcap on Windows. As such the Wireshark personal hosts file will not be consulted for capture filter name resolution. Name Resolution (subnets) If an IPv4 address cannot be translated via name resolution (no exact match is found) then a partial match is attempted via the subnets file. Both the global subnets file and personal subnets files are used if they exist. Each line of this file consists of an IPv4 address, a subnet mask length separated only by a / and a name separated by whitespace. While the address must be a full IPv4 address, any values beyond the mask length are subsequently ignored. An example is: # Comments must be prepended by the # sign! 192.168.0.0/24 ws_test_network A partially matched name will be printed as "subnet-name.remaining-address". For example, "192.168.0.1" under the subnet above would be printed as "ws_test_network.1"; if the mask length above had been 16 rather than 24, the printed address would be ``ws_test_network.0.1". Name Resolution (ethers) The ethers files are consulted to correlate 6-byte hardware addresses to names. First the personal ethers file is tried and if an address is not found there the global ethers file is tried next. Each line contains one hardware address and name, separated by whitespace. The digits of the hardware address are separated by colons (:), dashes (-) or periods (.). The same separator character must be used consistently in an address. The following three lines are valid lines of an ethers file: ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff Broadcast c0-00-ff-ff-ff-ff TR_broadcast 00.00.00.00.00.00 Zero_broadcast The global ethers file is looked for in the /etc directory on UNIX- compatible systems, and in the main installation directory (for example, C:\Program Files\Wireshark) on Windows systems. The personal ethers file is looked for in the same directory as the personal preferences file. Capture filter name resolution is handled by libpcap on UNIX- compatible systems and WinPcap on Windows. As such the Wireshark personal ethers file will not be consulted for capture filter name resolution. Name Resolution (manuf) The manuf file is used to match the 3-byte vendor portion of a 6-byte hardware address with the manufacturer's name; it can also contain well-known MAC addresses and address ranges specified with a netmask. The format of the file is the same as the ethers files, except that entries such as: 00:00:0C Cisco can be provided, with the 3-byte OUI and the name for a vendor, and entries such as: 00-00-0C-07-AC/40 All-HSRP-routers can be specified, with a MAC address and a mask indicating how many bits of the address must match. The above entry, for example, has 40 significant bits, or 5 bytes, and would match addresses from 00-00-0C-07-AC-00 through 00-00-0C-07-AC-FF. The mask need not be a multiple of 8. The manuf file is looked for in the same directory as the global preferences file. Name Resolution (services) The services file is used to translate port numbers into names. Both the global services file and personal services files are used if they exist. The file has the standard services file syntax; each line contains one (service) name and one transport identifier separated by white space. The transport identifier includes one port number and one transport protocol name (typically tcp, udp, or sctp) separated by a /. An example is: mydns 5045/udp # My own Domain Name Server mydns 5045/tcp # My own Domain Name Server Name Resolution (ipxnets) The ipxnets files are used to correlate 4-byte IPX network numbers to names. First the global ipxnets file is tried and if that address is not found there the personal one is tried next. The format is the same as the ethers file, except that each address is four bytes instead of six. Additionally, the address can be represented as a single hexadecimal number, as is more common in the IPX world, rather than four hex octets. For example, these four lines are valid lines of an ipxnets file: C0.A8.2C.00 HR c0-a8-1c-00 CEO 00:00:BE:EF IT_Server1 110f FileServer3 The global ipxnets file is looked for in the /etc directory on UNIX-compatible systems, and in the main installation directory (for example, C:\Program Files\Wireshark) on Windows systems. The personal ipxnets file is looked for in the same directory as the personal preferences file. Capture Filters The cfilters files contain system-wide and personal capture filters. Each line contains one filter, starting with the string displayed in the dialog box in quotation marks, followed by the filter string itself: "HTTP" port 80 "DCERPC" port 135 The global cfilters file uses the same directory as the global preferences file. The personal cfilters file uses the same directory as the personal preferences file. It is written through the Capture:Capture Filters dialog. If the global cfilters file exists, it is used only if the personal cfilters file does not exist; global and personal capture filters are not merged. Display Filters The dfilters files contain system-wide and personal display filters. Each line contains one filter, starting with the string displayed in the dialog box in quotation marks, followed by the filter string itself: "HTTP" http "DCERPC" dcerpc The global dfilters file uses the same directory as the global preferences file. The personal dfilters file uses the same directory as the personal preferences file. It is written through the Analyze:Display Filters dialog. If the global dfilters file exists, it is used only if the personal dfilters file does not exist; global and personal display filters are not merged. Color Filters (Coloring Rules) The colorfilters files contain system-wide and personal color filters. Each line contains one filter, starting with the string displayed in the dialog box, followed by the corresponding display filter. Then the background and foreground colors are appended: # a comment @tcp@tcp@[59345,58980,65534][0,0,0] @udp@udp@[28834,57427,65533][0,0,0] The global colorfilters file uses the same directory as the global preferences file. The personal colorfilters file uses the same directory as the personal preferences file. It is written through the View:Coloring Rules dialog. If the global colorfilters file exists, it is used only if the personal colorfilters file does not exist; global and personal color filters are not merged. Plugins See above in the description of the About:Plugins page.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

WIRESHARK_APPDATA On Windows, Wireshark normally stores all application data in %APPDATA% or %USERPROFILE%. You can override the default location by exporting this environment variable to specify an alternate location. WIRESHARK_DEBUG_WMEM_OVERRIDE Setting this environment variable forces the wmem framework to use the specified allocator backend for *all* allocations, regardless of which backend is normally specified by the code. This is mainly useful to developers when testing or debugging. See README.wmem in the source distribution for details. WIRESHARK_RUN_FROM_BUILD_DIRECTORY This environment variable causes the plugins and other data files to be loaded from the build directory (where the program was compiled) rather than from the standard locations. It has no effect when the program in question is running with root (or setuid) permissions on *NIX. WIRESHARK_DATA_DIR This environment variable causes the various data files to be loaded from a directory other than the standard locations. It has no effect when the program in question is running with root (or setuid) permissions on *NIX. ERF_RECORDS_TO_CHECK This environment variable controls the number of ERF records checked when deciding if a file really is in the ERF format. Setting this environment variable a number higher than the default (20) would make false positives less likely. IPFIX_RECORDS_TO_CHECK This environment variable controls the number of IPFIX records checked when deciding if a file really is in the IPFIX format. Setting this environment variable a number higher than the default (20) would make false positives less likely. WIRESHARK_ABORT_ON_DISSECTOR_BUG If this environment variable is set, Wireshark will call abort(3) when a dissector bug is encountered. abort(3) will cause the program to exit abnormally; if you are running Wireshark in a debugger, it should halt in the debugger and allow inspection of the process, and, if you are not running it in a debugger, it will, on some OSes, assuming your environment is configured correctly, generate a core dump file. This can be useful to developers attempting to troubleshoot a problem with a protocol dissector. WIRESHARK_ABORT_ON_TOO_MANY_ITEMS If this environment variable is set, Wireshark will call abort(3) if a dissector tries to add too many items to a tree (generally this is an indication of the dissector not breaking out of a loop soon enough). abort(3) will cause the program to exit abnormally; if you are running Wireshark in a debugger, it should halt in the debugger and allow inspection of the process, and, if you are not running it in a debugger, it will, on some OSes, assuming your environment is configured correctly, generate a core dump file. This can be useful to developers attempting to troubleshoot a problem with a protocol dissector. WIRESHARK_QUIT_AFTER_CAPTURE Cause Wireshark to exit after the end of the capture session. This doesn't automatically start a capture; you must still use -k to do that. You must also specify an autostop condition, e.g. -c or -a duration:.... This means that you will not be able to see the results of the capture after it stops; it's primarily useful for testing.

NOTES

The latest version of Wireshark can be found at . HTML versions of the Wireshark project man pages are available at: .

AUTHORS

Original Author Gerald Combs Contributors Gilbert Ramirez Thomas Bottom Chris Pane Hannes R. Boehm Mike Hall Bobo Rajec Laurent Deniel Don Lafontaine Guy Harris Simon Wilkinson Joerg Mayer Martin Maciaszek Didier Jorand Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino Richard Sharpe John McDermott Jeff Jahr Brad Robel-Forrest Ashok Narayanan Aaron Hillegass Jason Lango Johan Feyaerts Olivier Abad Thierry Andry Jeff Foster Peter Torvals Christophe Tronche Nathan Neulinger Tomislav Vujec Kojak Uwe Girlich Warren Young Heikki Vatiainen Greg Hankins Jerry Talkington Dave Chapeskie James Coe Bert Driehuis Stuart Stanley John Thomes Laurent Cazalet Thomas Parvais Gerrit Gehnen Craig Newell Ed Meaney Dietmar Petras Fred Reimer Florian Lohoff Jochen Friedrich Paul Welchinski Doug Nazar Andreas Sikkema Mark Muhlestein Graham Bloice Ralf Schneider Yaniv Kaul Paul Ionescu Mark Burton Stefan Raab Mark Clayton Michael Rozhavsky Dug Song Michael Tuexen Bruce Korb Jose Pedro Oliveira David Frascone Peter Kjellerstedt Phil Techau Wes Hardaker Robert Tsai Craig Metz Per Flock Jack Keane Brian Wellington Santeri Paavolainen Ulrich Kiermayr Neil Hunter Ralf Holzer Craig Rodrigues Ed Warnicke Johan Jorgensen Frank Singleton Kevin Shi Mike Frisch Burke Lau Martti Kuparinen David Hampton Kent Engstroem Ronnie Sahlberg Borosa Tomislav Alexandre P. Ferreira Simharajan Srishylam Greg Kilfoyle James E. Flemer Peter Lei Thomas Gimpel Albert Chin Charles Levert Todd Sabin Eduardo Perez Ureta Martin Thomas Hartmut Mueller Michal Melerowicz Hannes Gredler Inoue Olivier Biot Patrick Wolfe Martin Held Riaan Swart Christian Lacunza Scott Renfro Juan Toledo Jean-Christian Pennetier Jian Yu Eran Mann Andy Hood Randy McEoin Edgar Iglesias Martina Obermeier Javier Achirica B. Johannessen Thierry Pelle Francisco Javier Cabello Laurent Rabret nuf si Jeff Morriss Aamer Akhter Pekka Savola David Eisner Steve Dickson Markus Seehofer Lee Berger Motonori Shindo Terje Krogdahl Jean-Francois Mule Thomas Wittwer Matthias Nyffenegger Palle Lyckegaard Nicolas Balkota Tom Uijldert Akira Endoh Graeme Hewson Pasi Eronen Georg von Zezschwitz Steffen Weinreich Marc Milgram Gordon McKinney Pavel Novotny Shinsuke Suzuki Andrew C. Feren Tomas Kukosa Andreas Stockmeier Pekka Nikander Hamish Moffatt Kazushi Sugyo Tim Potter Raghu Angadi Taisuke Sasaki Tim Newsham Tom Nisbet Darren New Pavel Mores Bernd Becker Heinz Prantner Irfan Khan Jayaram V.R Dinesh Dutt Nagarjuna Venna Jirka Novak Ricardo Barroetaven~a Alan Harrison Mike Frantzen Charlie Duke Alfred Arnold Dermot Bradley Adam Sulmicki Kari Tiirikainen John Mackenzie Peter Valchev Alex Rozin Jouni Malinen Paul E. Erkkila Jakob Schlyter Jim Sienicki Steven French Diana Eichert Blair Cooper Kikuchi Ayamura Didier Gautheron Phil Williams Kevin Humphries Erik Nordstroem Devin Heitmueller Chenjiang Hu Kan Sasaki Stefan Wenk Ruud Linders Andrew Esh Greg Morris Dirk Steinberg Kari Heikkila Olivier Dreux Michael Stiller Antti Tuominen Martin Gignac John Wells Loic Tortay Steve Housley Peter Hawkins Bill Fumerola Chris Waters Solomon Peachy Jaime Fournier Markus Steinmann Tsutomu Mieno Yasuhiro Shirasaki Anand V. Narwani Christopher K. St. John Nix Liviu Daia Richard Urwin Prabhakar Krishnan Jim McDonough Sergei Shokhor Hidetaka Ogawa Jan Kratochvil Alfred Koebler Vassilii Khachaturov Bill Studenmund Brian Bruns Flavio Poletti Marcus Haebler Ulf Lamping Matthew Smart Luke Howard PC Drew Renzo Tomas Clive A. Stubbings Steve Langasek Brad Hards cjs 2895 Lutz Jaenicke Senthil Kumar Nagappan Jason House Peter Fales Fritz Budiyanto Jean-Baptiste Marchand Andreas Trauer Ronald Henderson Brian Ginsbach Dave Richards Martin Regner Jason Greene Marco Molteni James Harris rmkml Anders Broman Christian Falckenberg Huagang Xie Pasi Kovanen Teemu Rinta-aho Martijn Schipper Wayne Parrott Laurent Meyer Lars Roland Miha Jemec Markus Friedl Todd Montgomery emre Stephen Shelley Erwin Rol Duncan Laurie Tony Schene Matthijs Melchior Garth Bushell Mark C. 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Scholz Tadeusz Struk Taisuke Sasaki Tatsuhiro Tsujikawa Tengfei Chang Thibault Gerondal Thies Moeller Thomas Chen Thomas Klausner Thomas Portassau Thomas Shen Thomas d'Otreppe Tigran Mkrtchyan Tim (Thanh) Nguyen Tim Cuthbertson Tim Furlong Timo Warns Timothy Geiser Tobias Brunner Tobias Rasmusson Tobias Stoeckmann Tom Tom Haynes Tomas Konecny Tomas Kukosa Trond Myklebust Ulf Uli Schlachter Umberto Corponi Uri Simchoni Uwe Kleine-Koenig Vadim Fedorenko Vadim Yanitskiy ValdikSS Valentin Vidic Vasil Velichkov Victor Barratault Victor Dodon Victor Voronkov Vidar Madsen Vik Vikhyat Umrao Vikram Hegde Ville Skyttae Vincent Helfre Vincenzo Reale Vladimir Kondratiev Vladimir Rutsky Vladlen Popov Volker Lendecke Volodymyr Khomenko Warren Moxam Wasim Abu Moch Weston Andros Adamson Weston Schmidt Will Glynn Will Robertson William Tu Xavier Brouckaert Xiaochuan Sun YFdyh000 Yan Burman Yang Luo Yann Diorcet Yann Lejeune Yannik Enss Yasuyuki Tanaka Yuri Chislov Yurii Lysyi Yury Gargay ZdenXk Xambersky Zhao Lin anonsvn cff339 cheloftus dennis.lanov kardam kkoizumi mkg20001 nakarlsson pegah hajiani shqking zhongweisitu Emilio Gonzalez Eric Piel Oyvind Ronningstad XXXXXXX XXXXXXX Acknowledgements Dan Lasley gave permission for his dumpit() hex-dump routine to be used. Mattia Cazzola provided a patch to the hex dump display routine. We use the exception module from Kazlib, a C library written by Kaz Kylheku . Thanks go to him for his well- written library. The Kazlib home page can be found at http://users.footprints.net/~kaz/kazlib.html We use Lua BitOp, written by Mike Pall, for bitwise operations on numbers in Lua. The Lua BitOp home page can be found at http://bitop.luajit.org/ snax gave permission to use his(?) weak key detection code from Airsnort. IANA gave permission for their port-numbers file to be used. We use the natural order string comparison algorithm, written by Martin Pool . Emanuel Eichhammer granted permission to use QCustomPlot. Insecure.Com LLC ("The Nmap Project") has granted the Wireshark Foundation permission to distribute Npcap with our Windows installers.

SEE ALSO

wireshark-filter(4), tshark(1), editcap(1), pcap(3), dumpcap(1), mergecap(1), text2pcap(1), pcap-filter(7) or tcpdump(8)

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