tsort

topological sort

TLDR

Perform a topological sort consistent with a partial sort per line of input separated by blanks

>_ tsort [file]
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SYNOPSIS

tsort [ file ]

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

DESCRIPTION

The tsort utility shall write to standard output a totally ordered list of items consistent with a partial ordering of items contained in the input.

The application shall ensure that the input consists of pairs of items (non-empty strings) separated by <blank> characters. Pairs of different items indicate ordering. Pairs of identical items indicate presence, but not ordering.

OPTIONS

None.

OPERANDS

The following operand shall be supported:

" file "10 A pathname of a text file to order. If no file operand is given, the standard input shall be used.

STDIN

The standard input shall be used if no file operand is specified, and shall be used if the file operand is ' and the implementation treats the ' as meaning standard input. Otherwise, the standard input shall not be used. See the INPUT FILES section.

INPUT FILES

The input file shall be a text file.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

The following environment variables shall affect the execution of tsort:

" LANG "10 Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1 Section 8.2,Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)

" LC_ALL "10 If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.

" LC_CTYPE "10 Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments and input files).

" LC_MESSAGES "10
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.

" NLSPATH "10 Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES.

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS

Default.

STDOUT

The standard output shall be a text file consisting of the order list produced from the partially ordered input.

STDERR

The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES

None.

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION

None.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values shall be returned:

" 0" 6 Successful completion.

>0 6 An error occurred.

CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS

Default.

Thefollowingsectionsareinformative.

APPLICATION USAGE

The LC_COLLATE variable need not affect the actions of tsort. The output ordering is not lexicographic, but depends on the pairs of items given as input.

EXAMPLES

The command:



tsort <<EOF a b c c d e g g f g e f h h EOF



produces the output:

a b c d e f g h

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .

SEE ALSO

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1 Chapter 8,Environment Variables

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