service

run a System V init script

TLDR

Start/Stop/Restart/Reload service (start/stop should always be available)

>_ service [init_script] [start|stop|restart|reload]
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Do a full restart (runs script twice with start and stop)

>_ service [init_script] --full-restart
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Show the current status of a service

>_ service [init_script] status
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List the status of all services

>_ service --status-all
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SYNOPSIS

service SCRIPT COMMAND [OPTIONS] service --status-all service --help | -h | --version

FILES

/etc/init.d The directory containing System V init scripts. /{lib,run,etc}/systemd/system The directories containing systemd units.

ENVIRONMENT

LANG, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY, LC_MESSAGES, LC_PAPER, LC_NAME, LC_ADDRESS, LC_TELEPHONE, LC_MEASURE‐ MENT, LC_IDENTIFICATION, LC_ALL, TERM, PATH The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.

DESCRIPTION

service runs a System V init script or systemd unit in as predictable an environment as possible, removing most environment variables and with the current working directory set to /. The SCRIPT parameter specifies a System V init script, located in /etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of a systemd unit. The existence of a systemd unit of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d will cause the unit to take precedence over the init.d script. The supported values of COMMAND depend on the invoked script. service passes COMMAND and OPTIONS to the init script unmodified. For systemd units, start, stop, status, and reload are passed through to their systemctl/initctl equiv‐ alents. All scripts should support at least the start and stop commands. As a special case, if COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is run twice, first with the stop command, then with the start command. Note, that unlike update-rc.d(8), service does not check /usr/sbin/policy-rc.d. service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with the status command. The status is [ + ] for running services, [ - ] for stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a status command. This option only calls status for sysvinit jobs.

EXIT CODES

service calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.

COPYRIGHT

2006 Red Hat, Inc., Petter Reinholdtsen

SEE ALSO

/etc/init.d/skeleton update-rc.d(8) init(8) invoke-rc.d(8) systemctl(1)

AUTHOR

Miloslav Trmac , Petter Reinholdtsen Licence: GNU Public Licence v2 (GPLv2)

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