lastlog

reports the most recent login of all users or of a given user

TLDR

Display the most recent login of all users

>_ lastlog
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Display lastlog record of the specified user

>_ lastlog -u [username]
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Display records before than 7 days

>_ lastlog -b [7]
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Display records more recent than 3 days

>_ lastlog -t [3]
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SYNOPSIS

' lastlog 'u lastlog [ options ]

DESCRIPTION

lastlog formats and prints the contents of the last login log /var/log/lastlog file . The login-name , port ,and lastlogin time will be printed . The default (no flags) causes lastlog entries to be printed, sorted by their order in /etc/passwd .

OPTIONS

The options which apply to the lastlog command are:

-b , --before DAYS Print only lastlog records older than DAYS .

-C , --clear Clear lastlog record of a user . This option can be used only together with -u ( --user )).

-h , --help Display help message and exit .

-R , --root CHROOT_DIR Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory .

-S , --set Set lastlog record of a user to the current time . This option can be used only together with -u ( --user )).

-t , --time DAYS Print the lastlog records more recent than DAYS .

-u , --user LOGIN | RANGE Print the lastlog record of the specified user(s) .


The users can be specified by a login name, a numerical user ID, or a RANGE of users . This RANGE of users can be specified with a min and max values ( UID_MIN-UID_MAX ),a max value ( -UID_MAX ),or a min value ( UID_MIN- ).

If the user has never logged in the message **Never logged in** will be displayed instead of the port and time .

Only the entries for the current users of the system will be displayed . Other entries may exist for users that were deleted previously .

NOTE

The lastlog file is a database which contains info on the last login of each user . You should not rotate it . It is a sparse file, so its size on the disk is usually much smaller than the one shown by " ls-l "(which can indicate a really big file if you have in passwd users with a high UID) . You can display its real size with " ls-s ".

CONFIGURATION

The following configuration variables in /etc/login .defs change the behavior of this tool:

LASTLOG_UID_MAX (number) Highest user ID number for which the lastlog entries should be updated . As higher user IDs are usually tracked by remote user identity and authentication services there is no need to create a huge sparse lastlog file for them .


No LASTLOG_UID_MAX option present in the configuration means that there is no user ID limit for writing lastlog entries .

FILES

/var/log/lastlog Database times of previous user logins .

CAVEATS

Large gaps in UID numbers will cause the lastlog program to run longer with no output to the screen (i .e . if in lastlog database there is no entries for users with UID between 170 and 800 lastlog will appear to hang as it processes entries with UIDs 171 -799) .

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