ip-xfrm

transform configuration

SYNOPSIS


-8 ip [OPTIONS] xfrm {COMMAND| help}

-8 ip xfrm XFRM-OBJECT{COMMAND| help}

-8 XFRM-OBJECT:= state|policy|monitor

-8 ip xfrm state{add|update} ID[ALGO-LIST] [mode MODE] [mark MARK [mask MASK] ] [reqid REQID] [seq SEQ] [replay-window SIZE] [replay-seq SEQ] [replay-oseq SEQ] [replay-seq-hi SEQ] [replay-oseq-hi SEQ] [flag FLAG-LIST] [sel SELECTOR] [LIMIT-LIST] [encap ENCAP] [coa ADDR[/PLEN] ] [ctx CTX] [extra-flag EXTRA-FLAG-LIST] [output-mark OUTPUT-MARK]
-8 ip xfrm state allocspi ID [mode MODE] [mark MARK [mask MASK] ] [reqid REQID] [seq SEQ] [min SPI max SPI]
-8 ip xfrm state{delete|get} ID [mark MARK [mask MASK] ]
-8 ip[-4|-6]xfrm state deleteall[ ID] [mode MODE] [reqid REQID] [flag FLAG-LIST]
-8 ip[-4|-6]xfrm state list[ ID] [nokeys] [mode MODE] [reqid REQID] [flag FLAG-LIST]
-8 ip xfrm state flush[proto XFRM-PROTO]
-8 ipxfrmstatecount
-8 ID:= [src ADDR] [dst ADDR] [proto XFRM-PROTO] [spi SPI]
-8 XFRM-PROTO:= esp|ah|comp|route2|hao
-8 ALGO-LIST:= [ALGO-LIST]ALGO
-8 ALGO:= {enc|auth} ALGO-NAME
auth-trunc ALGO-NAME
aead ALGO-NAME
comp ALGO-NAME
-8 MODE:= transport|tunnel|beet|ro|in_trigger
-8 FLAG-LIST:= [FLAG-LIST]FLAG
-8 FLAG:= noecn|decap-dscp|nopmtudisc|wildrecv|icmp| af-unspec|align4|esn
-8 SELECTOR:= [src ADDR[/PLEN] ] [dst ADDR[/PLEN] ] [dev DEV]
[UPSPEC]
-8 UPSPEC:= proto{ PROTO|
{tcp|udp|sctp|dccp} [sport PORT] [dport PORT] |
{icmp|ipv6-icmp|mobility-header} [type NUMBER] [code NUMBER] |
gre[key {DOTTED-QUAD|NUMBER} ] }
-8 LIMIT-LIST:= [LIMIT-LIST] limit LIMIT
-8 LIMIT:= {time-soft|time-hard|time-use-soft|time-use-hard} SECONDS|
{byte-soft|byte-hard} SIZE|
{packet-soft|packet-hard} COUNT
-8 ENCAP:= {espinudp|espinudp-nonike} SPORT
-8 EXTRA-FLAG-LIST:= [EXTRA-FLAG-LIST]EXTRA-FLAG
-8 EXTRA-FLAG:= dont-encap-dscp
-8 ip xfrm policy{add|update} SELECTOR dir DIR [ctx CTX] [mark MARK [mask MASK] ] [index INDEX] [ptype PTYPE] [action ACTION] [priority PRIORITY] [flag FLAG-LIST] [LIMIT-LIST] [TMPL-LIST]
-8 ip xfrm policy{delete|get} {SELECTOR| index INDEX} dir DIR [ctx CTX] [mark MARK [mask MASK] ] [ptype PTYPE]
-8 ip[-4|-6]xfrm policy{deleteall|list} [nosock] [SELECTOR] [dir DIR] [index INDEX] [ptype PTYPE] [action ACTION] [priority PRIORITY] [flag FLAG-LIST]
-8 ip xfrm policy flush [ptype PTYPE]
-8 ip xfrm policy count
-8 ip xfrm policy set [hthresh4 LBITS [hthresh6 LBITS
-8 SELECTOR:= [src ADDR[/PLEN] ] [dst ADDR[/PLEN] ] [dev DEV] [UPSPEC]
-8 UPSPEC:= proto{ PROTO|
{tcp|udp|sctp|dccp} [sport PORT] [dport PORT] |
{icmp|ipv6-icmp|mobility-header} [type NUMBER] [code NUMBER] |
gre[key {DOTTED-QUAD|NUMBER} ] }
-8 DIR:= in|out|fwd
-8 PTYPE:= main|sub
-8 ACTION:= allow|block
-8 FLAG-LIST:= [FLAG-LIST]FLAG
-8 FLAG:= localok|icmp
-8 LIMIT-LIST:= [LIMIT-LIST] limit LIMIT
-8 LIMIT:= {time-soft|time-hard|time-use-soft|time-use-hard} SECONDS|
{byte-soft|byte-hard} SIZE|
{packet-soft|packet-hard} COUNT
-8 TMPL-LIST:= [TMPL-LIST] tmpl TMPL
-8 TMPL:=ID [mode MODE] [reqid REQID] [level LEVEL]
-8 ID:= [src ADDR] [dst ADDR] [proto XFRM-PROTO] [spi SPI]
-8 XFRM-PROTO:= esp|ah|comp|route2|hao
-8 MODE:= transport|tunnel|beet|ro|in_trigger
-8 LEVEL:= required|use
-8 ip xfrm monitor[ all-nsid ] [ nokeys ] [ all | LISTofXFRM-OBJECTS]
-8 LISTofXFRM-OBJECTS:= [LISTofXFRM-OBJECTS]XFRM-OBJECT
-8 XFRM-OBJECT:= acquire|expire|SA|policy|aevent|report

DESCRIPTION

xfrm is an IP framework for transforming packets (such as encrypting their payloads). This framework is used to implement the IPsec protocol suite (with the state object operating on the Security Association Database, and the policy object operating on the Security Policy Database). It is also used for the IP Payload Compression Protocol and features of Mobile IPv6.
l l. ip xfrm state add add new state into xfrm ip xfrm state update update existing state in xfrm ip xfrm state allocspi allocate an SPI value ip xfrm state delete delete existing state in xfrm ip xfrm state get get existing state in xfrm ip xfrm state deleteall delete all existing state in xfrm ip xfrm state list print out the list of existing state in xfrm ip xfrm state flush flush all state in xfrm ip xfrm state count count all existing state in xfrm


ID is specified by a source address, destination address, transform protocolXFRM-PROTO, and/or Security Parameter Index SPI. (For IP Payload Compression, the Compression Parameter Index or CPI is used for SPI.)


XFRM-PROTO specifies a transform protocol: IPsec Encapsulating Security Payload (esp), IPsec Authentication Header (ah), IP Payload Compression (comp), Mobile IPv6 Type 2 Routing Header (route2), or Mobile IPv6 Home Address Option (hao).


ALGO-LIST contains one or more algorithms to use. Each algorithm ALGO is specified by:

bu] the algorithm type: encryption (enc), authentication (authorauth-trunc), authenticated encryption with associated data (aead), or compression (comp)

bu] the algorithm name ALGO-NAME (see below)

bu] (for all exceptcomp) the keying material ALGO-KEYMAT, which may include both a key and a salt or nonce value; refer to the corresponding RFC

bu] (forauth-trunconly) the truncation length ALGO-TRUNC-LEN in bits

bu] (foraeadonly) the Integrity Check Value length ALGO-ICV-LEN in bits
Encryption algorithms include ecb(cipher_null),cbc(des),cbc(des3_ede),cbc(cast5), cbc(blowfish),cbc(aes),cbc(serpent),cbc(camellia), cbc(twofish), andrfc3686(ctr(aes)).
Authentication algorithms include digest_null,hmac(md5),hmac(sha1),hmac(sha256), hmac(sha384),hmac(sha512),hmac(rmd160), andxcbc(aes).
Authenticated encryption with associated data (AEAD) algorithms include rfc4106(gcm(aes)),rfc4309(ccm(aes)), andrfc4543(gcm(aes)).
Compression algorithms include deflate,lzs, andlzjh.


MODE specifies a mode of operation for the transform protocol. IPsec and IP Payload Compression modes are transport,tunnel, and (for IPsec ESP only) Bound End-to-End Tunnel (beet). Mobile IPv6 modes are route optimization (ro) and inbound trigger (in_trigger).


FLAG-LIST contains one or more of the following optional flags: noecn,decap-dscp,nopmtudisc,wildrecv,icmp, af-unspec,align4, oresn.


SELECTOR selects the traffic that will be controlled by the policy, based on the source address, the destination address, the network device, and/or UPSPEC.


UPSPEC selects traffic by protocol. For the tcp,udp,sctp, ordccp protocols, the source and destination port can optionally be specified. For the icmp,ipv6-icmp, ormobility-header protocols, the type and code numbers can optionally be specified. For the gre protocol, the key can optionally be specified as a dotted-quad or number. Other protocols can be selected by name or number PROTO.


LIMIT-LIST sets limits in seconds, bytes, or numbers of packets.


ENCAP encapsulates packets with protocol espinudporespinudp-nonike, using source portSPORT, destination portDPORT , and original addressOADDR.


MARK used to match xfrm policies and states


OUTPUT-MARK used to set the output mark to influence the routing of the packets emitted by the state




l l. ip xfrm policy add add a new policy ip xfrm policy update update an existing policy ip xfrm policy delete delete an existing policy ip xfrm policy get get an existing policy ip xfrm policy deleteall delete all existing xfrm policies ip xfrm policy list print out the list of xfrm policies ip xfrm policy flush flush policies


nosock filter (remove) all socket policies from the output.


SELECTOR selects the traffic that will be controlled by the policy, based on the source address, the destination address, the network device, and/or UPSPEC.


UPSPEC selects traffic by protocol. For the tcp,udp,sctp, ordccp protocols, the source and destination port can optionally be specified. For the icmp,ipv6-icmp, ormobility-header protocols, the type and code numbers can optionally be specified. For the gre protocol, the key can optionally be specified as a dotted-quad or number. Other protocols can be selected by name or number PROTO.


DIR selects the policy direction as in,out, orfwd.


CTX sets the security context.


PTYPE can be main(default) orsub.


ACTION can be allow(default) orblock.


PRIORITY is a number that defaults to zero.


FLAG-LIST contains one or both of the following optional flags: localoricmp.


LIMIT-LIST sets limits in seconds, bytes, or numbers of packets.


TMPL-LIST is a template list specified using ID,MODE,REQID, and/orLEVEL.


ID is specified by a source address, destination address, transform protocolXFRM-PROTO, and/or Security Parameter Index SPI. (For IP Payload Compression, the Compression Parameter Index or CPI is used for SPI.)


XFRM-PROTO specifies a transform protocol: IPsec Encapsulating Security Payload (esp), IPsec Authentication Header (ah), IP Payload Compression (comp), Mobile IPv6 Type 2 Routing Header (route2), or Mobile IPv6 Home Address Option (hao).


MODE specifies a mode of operation for the transform protocol. IPsec and IP Payload Compression modes are transport,tunnel, and (for IPsec ESP only) Bound End-to-End Tunnel (beet). Mobile IPv6 modes are route optimization (ro) and inbound trigger (in_trigger).


LEVEL can be required(default) oruse.



l l. ip xfrm policy count count existing policies


Use one or more -s options to display more details, including policy hash table information.



l l. ip xfrm policy set configure the policy hash table


Security policies whose address prefix lengths are greater than or equal policy hash table thresholds are hashed. Others are stored in the policy_inexact chained list.


LBITS specifies the minimum local address prefix length of policies that are stored in the Security Policy Database hash table.


RBITS specifies the minimum remote address prefix length of policies that are stored in the Security Policy Database hash table.



l l. ip xfrm monitor state monitoring for xfrm objects


The xfrm objects to monitor can be optionally specified.


If the all-nsid option is set, the program listens to all network namespaces that have a nsid assigned into the network namespace were the program is running. A prefix is displayed to show the network namespace where the message originates. Example:
[nsid 1]Flushed state proto 0

AUTHOR

Manpage revised by David Ward <david.ward@ll.mit.edu>
Manpage revised by Christophe Gouault <christophe.gouault@6wind.com>
Manpage revised by Nicolas Dichtel <nicolas.dichtel@6wind.com>

Copied to clipboard
free 100$ digital ocean credit