executes System-V style init script actions
invoke-rc.d [--quiet] [--force] [--try-anyway] [--disclose-deny] [--query] [--no-fallback] name action [init script parameters...] invoke-rc.d [--help]
invoke-rc.d is a generic interface to execute System V style init script /etc/init.d/name actions, obeying runlevel constraints as well as any local policies set by the system administrator. All access to the init scripts by Debian packages' maintainer scripts should be done through invoke-rc.d. This manpage documents only the usage and behavior of invoke-rc.d. For a discussion of the System V style init script arrangements please see init(8). More information on invoke-rc.d can be found in the section on runlevels and init.d scripts of the Debian Policy Manual.
INIT SCRIPT ACTIONS
The standard actions are: start, stop, force-stop, restart, try-restart, reload, force-reload, and status. Other actions are ac‐ cepted, but they can cause problems to policy-rc.d (see the INIT SCRIPT POLICY section), so warnings are generated if the policy layer is ac‐ tive. Please note that not all init scripts will implement all the actions listed above, and that the policy layer may override an action to an‐ other action(s), or even deny it. Any extra parameters will be passed to the init script(s) being exe‐ cuted. If an action must be carried out regardless of any local policies, use the --force switch.
--help Display usage help. --quiet Quiet mode, no error messages are generated. --force Tries to run the init script regardless of policy and init script subsystem errors. Use of this option in Debian main‐ tainer scripts is severely discouraged. --try-anyway Tries to run the init script if a non-fatal error is detected. --disclose-deny Return status code 101 instead of status code 0 if the init script action is denied by the policy layer. --query Returns one of the status codes 100-106. Does not run the init script, and implies --disclose-deny and --no-fallback. --no-fallback Ignores any fallback action requests by the policy layer. Warn‐ ing: this is usually a very bad idea for any actions other than start. --skip-systemd-native Exits before doing anything if a systemd environment is detected and the requested service is a native systemd unit. This is useful for maintainer scripts that want to defer systemd actions to deb-systemd-invoke(1p)
Should an init script be executed, invoke-rc.d always returns the sta‐ tus code returned by the init script. Init scripts should not return status codes in the 100+ range (which is reserved in Debian and by the LSB). The status codes returned by invoke-rc.d proper are: 0 Success. Either the init script was run and returned exit sta‐ tus 0 (note that a fallback action may have been run instead of the one given in the command line), or it was not run because of runlevel/local policy constrains and --disclose-deny is not in effect. 1 - 99 Reserved for init.d script, usually indicates a failure. 100 Init script ID (name) unknown. This means the init script was not registered successfully through update-rc.d or that the init script does not exist. 101 Action not allowed. The requested action will not be performed because of runlevel or local policy constraints. 102 Subsystem error. Init script (or policy layer) subsystem mal‐ function. Also, forced init script execution due to --try-anyway or --force failed. 103 Syntax error. 104 Action allowed. Init script would be run, but --query is in ef‐ fect. 105 Behavior uncertain. It cannot be determined if action should be carried out or not, and --query is in effect. 106 Fallback action requested. The policy layer denied the re‐ quested action, and supplied an allowed fallback action to be used instead.
INIT SCRIPT POLICY
invoke-rc.d introduces the concept of a policy layer which is used to verify if an init script should be run or not, or if something else should be done instead. This layer has various uses, the most immedi‐ ate ones being avoiding that package upgrades start daemons out-of-run‐ level, and that a package starts or stops daemons while inside a chroot jail. The policy layer has the following abilities: deny or approve the exe‐ cution of an action; request that another action (called a fallback) is to be taken, instead of the action requested in invoke-rc.d's command line; or request multiple actions to be tried in order, until one of them succeeds (a multiple fallback). invoke-rc.d itself only pays attention to the current runlevel; it will block any attempts to start a service in a runlevel in which the ser‐ vice is disabled. Other policies are implemented with the use of the policy-rc.d helper, and are only available if /usr/sbin/policy-rc.d is installed in the system.
/etc/init.d/* System V init scripts. /usr/sbin/policy-rc.d Init script policy layer helper (not required). /etc/rc?.d/* System V runlevel configuration.
invoke-rc.d special cases the status action, and returns exit status 4 instead of exit status 0 when it is denied.
See http://bugs.debian.org/sysv-rc and http://bugs.debian.org/init-system-helpers.
2001 Henrique de Moraes Holschuh
Debian Policy manual, /etc/init.d/skeleton, update-rc.d(8), init(8), /usr/share/doc/init-system-helpers/README.policy-rc.d.gz
Henrique de Moraes Holschuh Licence: GNU Public Licence v2 or Later (GPLv2+)