hashcat

Advanced CPU-based password recovery utility

SYNOPSIS

hashcat [options] hashfile [mask|wordfiles|directories]

Permutation attack-mode options

--perm-min=NUM Filter words shorter than NUM --perm-max=NUM Filter words larger than NUM

Table-Lookup attack-mode options

-t, --table-file=FILE Table file --table-min=NUM Number of chars in dictionary minimum --table-max=NUM Number of chars in dictionary maximum

Prince attack-mode options

--pw-min=NUM Print candidate if length is greater than NUM --pw-max=NUM Print candidate if length is smaller than NUM --element-cnt-min=NUM Minimum number of elements per chain --element-cnt-max=NUM Maximum number of elements per chain --wl-dist-len Calculate output length distribution from wordlist --wl-max=NUM Load only NUM words from input wordlist or use 0 to disable --case-permute=NUM For each word in the wordlist that begins with a letter generate a word with the opposite case of the first letter

Outfile formats

1 = hash[:salt] 2 = plain 3 = hash[:salt]:plain 4 = hex_plain 5 = hash[:salt]:hex_plain 6 = plain:hex_plain 7 = hash[:salt]:plain:hex_plain 8 = crackpos 9 = hash[:salt]:crackpos 10 = plain:crackpos 11 = hash[:salt]:plain:crackpos 12 = hex_plain:crackpos 13 = hash[:salt]:hex_plain:crackpos 14 = plain:hex_plain:crackpos 15 = hash[:salt]:plain:hex_plain:crackpos

DESCRIPTION

Hashcat is the world’s fastest CPU-based password recovery tool. While it's not as fast as its GPU counterpart oclHashcat, large lists can be easily split in half with a good dictionary and a bit of knowl‐ edge of the command switches. Hashcat is the self-proclaimed world’s fastest CPU-based password re‐ covery tool, Examples of hashcat supported hashing algorithms are Mi‐ crosoft LM Hashes, MD4, MD5, SHA-family, Unix Crypt formats, MySQL, Cisco PIX.

OPTIONS

-h, --help Show summary of options. -V, --version Show version of program. -m, --hash-type=NUM Hash-type, see references below -a, --attack-mode=NUM Attack-mode, see references below --quiet Suppress output -b, --benchmark Run benchmark --hex-salt Assume salt is given in hex --hex-charset Assume charset is given in hex --runtime=NUM Abort session after NUM seconds of runtime --status Enable automatic update of the status-screen --status-timer=NUM Seconds between status-screen update --status-automat Display the status view in a machine readable format -o, --outfile=FILE Define outfile for recovered hash --outfile-format=NUM Define outfile-format for recovered hash, see references below --outfile-autohex-disable Disable the use of $HEX[] in output plains -p, --separator=CHAR Define separator char for hashlists/outfile --show Show cracked passwords only (see --username) --left Show uncracked passwords only (see --username) --username Enable ignoring of usernames in hashfile (Recommended: also use --show) --remove Enable remove of hash once it is cracked --stdout Stdout mode --potfile-disable Do not write potfile --debug-mode=NUM Defines the debug mode (hybrid only by using rules), see refer‐ ences below --debug-file=FILE Output file for debugging rules (see --debug-mode) -e, --salt-file=FILE Salts-file for unsalted hashlists -c, --segment-size=NUM Size in MB to cache from the wordfile -n, --threads=NUM Number of threads -s, --words-skip=NUM Skip number of words (for resume) -l, --words-limit=NUM Limit number of words (for distributed) -r, --rules-file=FILE Rules-file use: -r 1.rule -g, --generate-rules=NUM Generate NUM random rules --generate-rules-func-min=NUM Force NUM functions per random rule min --generate-rules-func-max=NUM Force NUM functions per random rule max --generate-rules-seed=NUM Force RNG seed to NUM -1, --custom-charset1=CS User-defined charsets example --custom-charset1=?dabcdef : sets charset ?1 to 0123456789abcdef -2 mycharset.hcchr : sets charset ?2 to chars contained in file -2, --custom-charset2=CS User-defined charsets example --custom-charset1=?dabcdef : sets charset ?1 to 0123456789abcdef -2 mycharset.hcchr : sets charset ?2 to chars con$ --toogle-min=NUM Number of alphas in dictionary minimum --toogle-max=NUM Number of alphas in dictionary maximum

mass-attack options

--increment Enable increment mode --increment-min=NUM Start incrementing at NUM --increment-max=NUM Stop incrementing at NUM

Debug mode output formats (for hybrid mode only, by using rules)

1 = save finding rule 2 = save original word 3 = save original word and finding rule 4 = save original word, finding rule and modified plain

Built-in charsets

?l = abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz ?u = ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ ?d = 0123456789 ?s = !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[]^_`{|}~ ?a = ?l?u?d?s ?b = 0x00 - 0xff

Attack mode

0 = Straight 1 = Combination 2 = Toggle-Case 3 = Brute-force 4 = Permutation 5 = Table-Lookup 8 = Prince

Hash types

0 = MD5 10 = md5($pass.$salt) 20 = md5($salt.$pass) 30 = md5(unicode($pass).$salt) 40 = md5($salt.unicode($pass)) 50 = HMAC-MD5 (key = $pass) 60 = HMAC-MD5 (key = $salt) 100 = SHA1 110 = sha1($pass.$salt) 120 = sha1($salt.$pass) 130 = sha1(unicode($pass).$salt) 140 = sha1($salt.unicode($pass)) 150 = HMAC-SHA1 (key = $pass) 160 = HMAC-SHA1 (key = $salt) 200 = MySQL323 300 = MySQL4.1/MySQL5 400 = phpass, MD5(Wordpress), MD5(phpBB3), MD5(Joomla) 500 = md5crypt, MD5(Unix), FreeBSD MD5, Cisco-IOS MD5 900 = MD4 1000 = NTLM 1100 = Domain Cached Credentials (DCC), MS Cache 1400 = SHA256 1410 = sha256($pass.$salt) 1420 = sha256($salt.$pass) 1430 = sha256(unicode($pass).$salt) 1431 = base64(sha256(unicode($pass))) 1440 = sha256($salt.unicode($pass)) 1450 = HMAC-SHA256 (key = $pass) 1460 = HMAC-SHA256 (key = $salt) 1600 = md5apr1, MD5(APR), Apache MD5 1700 = SHA512 1710 = sha512($pass.$salt) 1720 = sha512($salt.$pass) 1730 = sha512(unicode($pass).$salt) 1740 = sha512($salt.unicode($pass)) 1750 = HMAC-SHA512 (key = $pass) 1760 = HMAC-SHA512 (key = $salt) 1800 = SHA-512(Unix) 2400 = Cisco-PIX MD5 2410 = Cisco-ASA MD5 2500 = WPA/WPA2 2600 = Double MD5 3200 = bcrypt, Blowfish(OpenBSD) 3300 = MD5(Sun) 3500 = md5(md5(md5($pass))) 3610 = md5(md5($salt).$pass) 3710 = md5($salt.md5($pass)) 3720 = md5($pass.md5($salt)) 3800 = md5($salt.$pass.$salt) 3910 = md5(md5($pass).md5($salt)) 4010 = md5($salt.md5($salt.$pass)) 4110 = md5($salt.md5($pass.$salt)) 4210 = md5($username.0.$pass) 4300 = md5(strtoupper(md5($pass))) 4400 = md5(sha1($pass)) 4500 = Double SHA1 4600 = sha1(sha1(sha1($pass))) 4700 = sha1(md5($pass)) 4800 = MD5(Chap), iSCSI CHAP authentication 4900 = sha1($salt.$pass.$salt) 5000 = SHA-3(Keccak) 5100 = Half MD5 5200 = Password Safe SHA-256 5300 = IKE-PSK MD5 5400 = IKE-PSK SHA1 5500 = NetNTLMv1-VANILLA / NetNTLMv1-ESS 5600 = NetNTLMv2 5700 = Cisco-IOS SHA256 5800 = Android PIN 6300 = AIX {smd5} 6400 = AIX {ssha256} 6500 = AIX {ssha512} 6700 = AIX {ssha1} 6900 = GOST, GOST R 34.11-94 7000 = Fortigate (FortiOS) 7100 = OS X v10.8+ 7200 = GRUB 2 7300 = IPMI2 RAKP HMAC-SHA1 7400 = sha256crypt, SHA256(Unix) 7900 = Drupal7 8400 = WBB3, Woltlab Burning Board 3 8900 = scrypt 9200 = Cisco $8$ 9300 = Cisco $9$ 9800 = Radmin2 10000 = Django (PBKDF2-SHA256) 10200 = Cram MD5 10300 = SAP CODVN H (PWDSALTEDHASH) iSSHA-1 11000 = PrestaShop 11100 = PostgreSQL Challenge-Response Authentication (MD5) 11200 = MySQL Challenge-Response Authentication (SHA1) 11400 = SIP digest authentication (MD5) 99999 = Plaintext

Specific hash type

11 = Joomla < 2.5.18 12 = PostgreSQL 21 = osCommerce, xt:Commerce 23 = Skype 101 = nsldap, SHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SHA 111 = nsldaps, SSHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SSHA 112 = Oracle S: Type (Oracle 11+) 121 = SMF > v1.1 122 = OS X v10.4, v10.5, v10.6 123 = EPi 124 = Django (SHA-1) 131 = MSSQL(2000) 132 = MSSQL(2005) 133 = PeopleSoft 141 = EPiServer 6.x < v4 1421 = hMailServer 1441 = EPiServer 6.x > v4 1711 = SSHA-512(Base64), LDAP {SSHA512} 1722 = OS X v10.7 1731 = MSSQL(2012 & 2014) 2611 = vBulletin < v3.8.5 2612 = PHPS 2711 = vBulletin > v3.8.5 2811 = IPB2+, MyBB1.2+ 3711 = Mediawiki B type 3721 = WebEdition CMS 7600 = Redmine Project Management Web App

AUTHOR

hashcat was written by Jens Steube This manual page was written by Daniel Echeverry , for the Debian project (and may be used by others). March 28 2016 Hashcat(1)

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