Show information about files in the index and the working tree


gitls -files [ -z] [ -t] [ -v] [ -f] ( --[cached|deleted|others|ignored|stage|unmerged|killed|modified])* ( -[c|d|o|i|s|u|k|m])* [ --eol] [ -x <pattern>| --exclude=<pattern>] [ -X <file>| --exclude -from=<file>] [ --exclude -per -directory=<file>] [ --exclude -standard] [ --error -unmatch] [ --with -tree=<tree -ish>] [ --full -name] [ --recurse -submodules] [ --abbrev] [ --] [<file> ...]


This merges the file listing in the directory cache index with the actual working directory list, and shows different combinations of the two .
One or more of the options below may be used to determine the files shown:


-c, --cached Show cached files in the output (default)

-d, --deleted Show deleted files in the output

-m, --modified Show modified files in the output

-o, --others Show other (i .e . untracked) files in the output

-i, --ignored Show only ignored files in the output . When showing files in the index, print only those matched by an exclude pattern . When showing "other" files, show only those matched by an exclude pattern . Standard ignore rules are not automatically activated, therefore at least one of the --exclude* options is required .

-s, --stage Show staged contents (Aq mode bits, object name and stage number in the output .

--directory If a whole directory is classified as "other", show just its name (with a trailing slash) and not its whole contents .

--no -empty -directory Do not list empty directories . Has no effect without --directory .

-u, --unmerged Show unmerged files in the output (forces --stage)

-k, --killed Show files on the filesystem that need to be removed due to file/directory conflicts for checkout -index to succeed .

-z \ 0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames . See OUTPUT below for more information .

-x <pattern>, --exclude=<pattern> Skip untracked files matching pattern . Note that pattern is a shell wildcard pattern . See EXCLUDE PATTERNS below for more information .

-X <file>, --exclude -from=<file> Read exclude patterns from <file>; 1 per line .

--exclude -per -directory=<file> Read additional exclude patterns that apply only to the directory and its subdirectories in <file> .

--exclude -standard Add the standard Git exclusions: .git/info/exclude, .gitignore in each directory, and the user global exclusion file .

--error -unmatch If any <file> does not appear in the index, treat this as an error (return 1) .

--with -tree=<tree -ish> When using --error -unmatch to expand the user supplied <file> (i .e . path pattern) arguments to paths, pretend that paths which were removed in the index since the named <tree -ish> are still present . Using this option with -s or -u options does not make any sense .

-t This feature is semi -deprecated . For scripting purpose, git-status (1) --porcelain and git-diff-files (1) --name -status are almost always superior alternatives, and users should look at git-status (1) --short or git-diff (1) --name -status for more user -friendly alternatives .

This option identifies the file status with the following tags (followed by a space) at the start of each line:

H cached

S skip -worktree

M unmerged

R removed/deleted

C modified/changed

K to be killed

? other

-v Similar to -t ,but use lowercase letters for files that are marked as assumeunchanged (see git-update-index (1)).

-f Similar to -t ,but use lowercase letters for files that are marked as fsmonitorvalid (see git-update-index (1)).

--full -name When run from a subdirectory, the command usually outputs paths relative to the current directory . This option forces paths to be output relative to the project top directory .

--recurse -submodules Recursively calls ls -files on each submodule in the repository . Currently there is only support for the --cached mode .

--abbrev[=<n>] Instead of showing the full 40 -byte hexadecimal object lines, show only a partial prefix . Non default number of digits can be specified with --abbrev=<n> .

--debug After each line that describes a file, add more data about its cache entry . This is intended to show as much information as possible for manual inspection; the exact format may change at any time .

--eol Show <eolinfo> and <eolattr> of files . <eolinfo> is the file content identification used by Git when the "text" attribute is "auto" (or not set and core .autocrlf is not false) . <eolinfo> is either " -text", "none", "lf", "crlf", "mixed" or "" .
"" means the file is not a regular file, it is not in the index or not accessible in the working tree .
<eolattr> is the attribute that is used when checking out or committing, it is either "", " -text", "text", "text=auto", "text eol=lf", "text eol=crlf" . Since Git 2 .10 "text=auto eol=lf" and "text=auto eol=crlf" are supported .
Both the <eolinfo> in the index ("i/<eolinfo>") and in the working tree ("w/<eolinfo>") are shown for regular files, followed by the ("attr/<eolattr>") .

-- Do not interpret any more arguments as options .

<file> Files to show . If no files are given all files which match the other specified criteria are shown .


gitls -files just outputs the filenames unless --stage is specified in which case it outputs:
.RS 4
[<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file> .RE
gitls -files --eol will show i/<eolinfo><SPACES>w/<eolinfo><SPACES>attr/<eolattr><SPACE*><TAB><file>
gitls -files --unmerged and gitls -files --stage can be used to examine detailed information on unmerged paths .
For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA -1 pair, the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage 1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3 . This information can be used by the user (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the path . (see git-read-tree (1)for more information on state)
Without the -z option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted as explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath (see git-config (1)). Using -z the filename is output verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte .


gitls -files can use a list of "exclude patterns" when traversing the directory tree and finding files to show when the flags --others or --ignored are specified . gitignore (5)specifies the format of exclude patterns .
These exclude patterns come from these places, in order:
'-04' 1. '+01' .sp -1

" 1." 4.2 The command -line flag --exclude=<pattern> specifies a single pattern . Patterns are ordered in the same order they appear in the command line .
'-04' 2. '+01' .sp -1

" 2." 4.2 The command -line flag --exclude -from=<file> specifies a file containing a list of patterns . Patterns are ordered in the same order they appear in the file .
'-04' 3. '+01' .sp -1

" 3." 4.2 The command -line flag --exclude -per -directory=<name> specifies a name of the file in each directory gitls -files examines, normally .gitignore . Files in deeper directories take precedence . Patterns are ordered in the same order they appear in the files .
A pattern specified on the command line with --exclude or read from the file specified with --exclude -from is relative to the top of the directory tree . A pattern read from a file specified by --exclude -per -directory is relative to the directory that the pattern file appears in .


Part of the git (1)suite


git-read-tree(1), gitignore(5)

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