- Start/Stop/Restart/Reload service (start/stop should always be available):
service [init_script] [start|stop|restart|reload]
- Do a full restart (runs script twice with start and stop):
service [init_script] --full-restart
- Show the current status of a service:
service [init_script] status
- List the status of all services:
service runs a System V init script, systemd unit, or upstart job in as predictable an environment as possible, removing most environment variables and with the current working directory set to /.
The SCRIPT parameter specifies a System V init script, located in /etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of a systemd unit, or the name of an upstart job in /etc/init. The existence of a systemd unit or upstart job of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d will cause the unit/job to take precedence over the init.d script. The supported values of COMMAND depend on the invoked script. service passes COMMAND and OPTIONS to the init script unmodified. For systemd units or upstart jobs, start, stop, status, and reload are passed through to their systemctl/initctl equivalents. For upstart jobs, restart will call the upstart 'stop' for the job, followed immediately by the 'start', and will exit with the return code of the start command.
All scripts should support at least the start and stop commands. As a special case, if COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is run twice, first with the stop command, then with the start command. This option has no effect on upstart jobs.
service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with the status command. The status is [ + ] for running services, [ - ] for stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a 'status' command. This option only calls status for sysvinit jobs; upstart jobs can be queried in a similar manner with initctl list.
/etc/init.d/skeleton, update-rc.d(8), init(8), invoke-rc.d(8). systemctl(1). initctl(8).