Linux Command Library
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Commands
basic
Basic
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Tips

ffprobe

ffprobe media prober

- Display all available stream info for a media file:
ffprobe -v error -show_entries [input.mp4]

- Display media duration:
ffprobe -v error -show_entries format=duration -of default=noprint_wrappers=1:nokey=1 [input.mp4]

- Display the frame rate of a video:
ffprobe -v error -select_streams v:0 -show_entries stream=avg_frame_rate -of default=noprint_wrappers=1:nokey=1 [input.mp4]

- Display the width or height of a video:
ffprobe -v error -select_streams v:0 -show_entries stream=[width|height] -of default=noprint_wrappers=1:nokey=1 [input.mp4]

- Display the average bit rate of a video:
ffprobe -v error -select_streams v:0 -show_entries stream=bit_rate -of default=noprint_wrappers=1:nokey=1 [input.mp4]

ffprobe [options] [input_file]

ffprobe gathers information from multimedia streams and prints it in human- and machine-readable fashion.

For example it can be used to check the format of the container used by a multimedia stream and the format and type of each media stream contained in it.

If a filename is specified in input, ffprobe will try to open and probe the file content. If the file cannot be opened or recognized as a multimedia file, a positive exit code is returned.

ffprobe may be employed both as a standalone application or in combination with a textual filter, which may perform more sophisticated processing, e.g. statistical processing or plotting.

Options are used to list some of the formats supported by ffprobe or for specifying which information to display, and for setting how ffprobe will show it.

ffprobe output is designed to be easily parsable by a textual filter, and consists of one or more sections of a form defined by the selected writer, which is specified by the print_format option.

Sections may contain other nested sections, and are identified by a name (which may be shared by other sections), and an unique name. See the output of sections.

Metadata tags stored in the container or in the streams are recognized and printed in the corresponding " FORMAT" or " STREAM" section.

All the numerical options, if not specified otherwise, accept in input a string representing a number, which may contain one of the SI unit prefixes, for example ’K’, ’M’, ’G’. If ’i’ is appended after the prefix, binary prefixes are used, which are based on powers of 1024 instead of powers of 1000. The ’B’ postfix multiplies the value by 8, and can be appended after a unit prefix or used alone. This allows using for example ’ KB ’, ’MiB’, ’G’ and ’B’ as number postfix.

Options which do not take arguments are boolean options, and set the corresponding value to true. They can be set to false by prefixing with "no" the option name, for example using "-nofoo" in the command line will set to false the boolean option with name "foo".

Stream specifiers
Some options are applied per-stream, e.g. bitrate or codec. Stream specifiers are used to precisely specify which stream(s) does a given option belong to.

A stream specifier is a string generally appended to the option name and separated from it by a colon. E.g. "-codec:a:1 ac3" option contains "a:1" stream specifier, which matches the second audio stream. Therefore it would select the ac3 codec for the second audio stream.

A stream specifier can match several streams, the option is then applied to all of them. E.g. the stream specifier in "-b:a 128k" matches all audio streams.

An empty stream specifier matches all streams, for example "-codec copy" or "-codec: copy" would copy all the streams without reencoding.

Possible forms of stream specifiers are:
stream_index

Matches the stream with this index. E.g. "-threads:1 4" would set the thread count for the second stream to 4.

stream_type[:stream_index]

stream_type is one of: ’v’ for video, ’a’ for audio, ’s’ for subtitle, ’d’ for data and ’t’ for attachments. If stream_index is given, then matches stream number stream_index of this type. Otherwise matches all streams of this type.

p:program_id[:stream_index]

If stream_index is given, then matches stream number stream_index in program with id program_id. Otherwise matches all streams in this program.

#stream_id

Matches the stream by format-specific ID.

Generic options
These options are shared amongst the avahi-browse.1.gz avahi-browse-domains.1.gz avahi-publish.1.gz avahi-publish-address.1.gz avahi-publish-service.1.gz avahi-resolve.1.gz avahi-resolve-address.1.gz avahi-resolve-host-name.1.gz avahi-set-host-name.1.gz avconv.1.gz avidemux.1.gz avidemux2_gtk.1.gz avplay.1.gz avprobe.1.gz avserver.1.gz tools.

-L

Show license.

-h, -?, -help, --help [arg]

Show help. An optional parameter may be specified to print help about a specific item.

Possible values of arg are:
decoder=
decoder_name

Print detailed information about the decoder named decoder_name. Use the -decoders option to get a list of all decoders.

encoder=encoder_name

Print detailed information about the encoder named encoder_name. Use the -encoders option to get a list of all encoders.

demuxer=demuxer_name

Print detailed information about the demuxer named demuxer_name. Use the -formats option to get a list of all demuxers and muxers.

muxer=muxer_name

Print detailed information about the muxer named muxer_name. Use the -formats option to get a list of all muxers and demuxers.

-version

Show version.

-formats

Show available formats.

The fields preceding the format names have the following meanings:

D

Decoding available

E

Encoding available

-codecs

Show all codecs known to libavcodec.

Note that the term ’codec’ is used throughout this documentation as a shortcut for what is more correctly called a media bitstream format.

-decoders

Show available decoders.

-encoders

Show all available encoders.

-bsfs

Show available bitstream filters.

-protocols

Show available protocols.

-filters

Show available libavfilter filters.

-pix_fmts

Show available pixel formats.

-sample_fmts

Show available sample formats.

-layouts

Show channel names and standard channel layouts.

-loglevel loglevel | -v loglevel

Set the logging level used by the library. loglevel is a number or a string containing one of the following values:
quiet
panic
fatal
error
warning
info
verbose
debug

By default the program logs to stderr, if coloring is supported by the terminal, colors are used to mark errors and warnings. Log coloring can be disabled setting the environment variable AV_LOG_FORCE_NOCOLOR or NO_COLOR , or can be forced setting the environment variable AV_LOG_FORCE_COLOR . The use of the environment variable NO_COLOR is deprecated and will be dropped in a following FFmpeg version.

-report

Dump full command line and console output to a file named "program-YYYYMMDD-HHMMSS.log" in the current directory. This file can be useful for bug reports. It also implies "-loglevel verbose".

Setting the environment variable "FFREPORT" to any value has the same effect. If the value is a ’:’-separated key=value sequence, these options will affect the report; options values must be escaped if they contain special characters or the options delimiter ’:’ (see the ’’Quoting and escaping’’ section in the ffmpeg-utils manual). The following option is recognized:
file

set the file name to use for the report; %p is expanded to the name of the program, %t is expanded to a timestamp, "%%" is expanded to a plain "%"

Errors in parsing the environment variable are not fatal, and will not appear in the report.

-cpuflags flags (global)

Allows setting and clearing cpu flags. This option is intended for testing. Do not use it unless you know what you’re doing.

 ffmpeg -cpuflags -sse+mmx ... ffmpeg -cpuflags mmx ... ffmpeg -cpuflags 0 ...

AVOptions
These options are provided directly by the libavformat, libavdevice and libavcodec libraries. To see the list of available AVOptions, use the -help option. They are separated into two categories:
generic

These options can be set for any container, codec or device. Generic options are listed under AVFormatContext options for containers/devices and under AVCodecContext options for codecs.

private

These options are specific to the given container, device or codec. Private options are listed under their corresponding containers/devices/codecs.

For example to write an ID3v2.3 header instead of a default ID3v2.4 to an MP3 file, use the id3v2_version private option of the MP3 muxer:

 ffmpeg -i input.flac -id3v2_version 3 out.mp3

All codec AVOptions are obviously per-stream, so the chapter on stream specifiers applies to them

Note -nooption syntax cannot be used for boolean AVOptions, use -option 0/-option 1.

Note2 old undocumented way of specifying per-stream AVOptions by prepending v/a/s to the options name is now obsolete and will be removed soon.

Main options
-f
format

Force format to use.

-unit

Show the unit of the displayed values.

-prefix

Use SI prefixes for the displayed values. Unless the "-byte_binary_prefix" option is used all the prefixes are decimal.

-byte_binary_prefix

Force the use of binary prefixes for byte values.

-sexagesimal

Use sexagesimal format HH:MM:SS.MICROSECONDS for time values.

-pretty

Prettify the format of the displayed values, it corresponds to the options "-unit -prefix -byte_binary_prefix -sexagesimal".

-of, -print_format writer_name[=writer_options]

Set the output printing format.

writer_name specifies the name of the writer, and writer_options specifies the options to be passed to the writer.

For example for printing the output in JSON format, specify:

 -print_format json

For more details on the available output printing formats, see the Writers section below.

-sections

Print sections structure and section information, and exit. The output is not meant to be parsed by a machine.

-select_streams stream_specifier

Select only the streams specified by stream_specifier. This option affects only the options related to streams (e.g. "show_streams", "show_packets", etc.).

For example to show only audio streams, you can use the command:

 ffprobe -show_streams -select_streams a INPUT

To show only video packets belonging to the video stream with index 1:

 ffprobe -show_packets -select_streams v:1 INPUT

-show_data

Show payload data, as an hexadecimal and ASCII dump. Coupled with -show_packets, it will dump the packets’ data. Coupled with -show_streams, it will dump the codec extradata.

The dump is printed as the "data" field. It may contain newlines.

-show_error

Show information about the error found when trying to probe the input.

The error information is printed within a section with name " ERROR".

-show_format

Show information about the container format of the input multimedia stream.

All the container format information is printed within a section with name " FORMAT".

-show_format_entry name

Like -show_format, but only prints the specified entry of the container format information, rather than all. This option may be given more than once, then all specified entries will be shown.

This option is deprecated, use "show_entries" instead.

-show_entries section_entries

Set list of entries to show.

Entries are specified according to the following syntax. section_entries contains a list of section entries separated by ":". Each section entry is composed by a section name (or unique name), optionally followed by a list of entries local to that section, separated by ",".

If section name is specified but is followed by no "=", all entries are printed to output, together with all the contained sections. Otherwise only the entries specified in the local section entries list are printed. In particular, if "=" is specified but the list of local entries is empty, then no entries will be shown for that section.

Note that the order of specification of the local section entries is not honored in the output, and the usual display order will be retained.

The formal syntax is given by:

 <LOCAL_SECTION_ENTRIES> ::= <SECTION_ENTRY_NAME>[,<LOCAL_SECTION_ENTRIES>] <SECTION_ENTRY> ::= <SECTION_NAME>[=[<LOCAL_SECTION_ENTRIES>]] <SECTION_ENTRIES> ::= <SECTION_ENTRY>[:<SECTION_ENTRIES>]

For example, to show only the index and type of each stream, and the PTS time, duration time, and stream index of the packets, you can specify the argument:

 packet=pts_time,duration_time,stream_index : stream=index,codec_type

To show all the entries in the section "format", but only the codec type in the section "stream", specify the argument:

 format : stream=codec_type

To show all the tags in the stream and format sections:

 format_tags : format_tags

To show only the "title" tag (if available) in the stream sections:

 stream_tags=title

-show_packets

Show information about each packet contained in the input multimedia stream.

The information for each single packet is printed within a dedicated section with name " PACKET".

-show_frames

Show information about each frame contained in the input multimedia stream.

The information for each single frame is printed within a dedicated section with name " FRAME".

-show_streams

Show information about each media stream contained in the input multimedia stream.

Each media stream information is printed within a dedicated section with name " STREAM".

-count_frames

Count the number of frames per stream and report it in the corresponding stream section.

-count_packets

Count the number of packets per stream and report it in the corresponding stream section.

-show_private_data, -private

Show private data, that is data depending on the format of the particular shown element. This option is enabled by default, but you may need to disable it for specific uses, for example when creating XSD-compliant XML output.

-show_program_version

Show information related to program version.

Version information is printed within a section with name " PROGRAM_VERSION".

-show_library_versions

Show information related to library versions.

Version information for each library is printed within a section with name " LIBRARY_VERSION".

-show_versions

Show information related to program and library versions. This is the equivalent of setting both -show_program_version and -show_library_versions options.

-bitexact

Force bitexact output, useful to produce output which is not dependent on the specific build.

-i input_file

Read input_file.

A writer defines the output format adopted by ffprobe, and will be used for printing all the parts of the output.

A writer may accept one or more arguments, which specify the options to adopt. The options are specified as a list of key=value pairs, separated by ":".

A description of the currently available writers follows.

default
Default format.

Print each section in the form:

 [SECTION] key1=val1 ... keyN=valN [/SECTION]

Metadata tags are printed as a line in the corresponding FORMAT or STREAM section, and are prefixed by the string " TAG:".

A description of the accepted options follows.
nokey, nk

If set to 1 specify not to print the key of each field. Default value is 0.

noprint_wrappers, nw

If set to 1 specify not to print the section header and footer. Default value is 0.

compact, csv
Compact and CSV format.

The "csv" writer is equivalent to "compact", but supports different defaults.

Each section is printed on a single line. If no option is specifid, the output has the form:

 section|key1=val1| ... |keyN=valN

Metadata tags are printed in the corresponding "format" or "stream" section. A metadata tag key, if printed, is prefixed by the string "tag:".

The description of the accepted options follows.
item_sep, s

Specify the character to use for separating fields in the output line. It must be a single printable character, it is "|" by default ("," for the "csv" writer).

nokey, nk

If set to 1 specify not to print the key of each field. Its default value is 0 (1 for the "csv" writer).

escape, e

Set the escape mode to use, default to "c" ("csv" for the "csv" writer).

It can assume one of the following values:

c

Perform C-like escaping. Strings containing a newline (’\n’), carriage return (’\r’), a tab (’\t’), a form feed (’\f’), the escaping character (’\’) or the item separator character SEP are escaped using C-like fashioned escaping, so that a newline is converted to the sequence "\n", a carriage return to "\r", ’\’ to "\\" and the separator SEP is converted to "\ SEP ".

csv

Perform CSV-like escaping, as described in RFC4180. Strings containing a newline (’\n’), a carriage return (’\r’), a double quote (’"’), or SEP are enclosed in double-quotes.

none

Perform no escaping.

print_section, p

Print the section name at the begin of each line if the value is 1, disable it with value set to 0. Default value is 1.

flat
Flat format.

A free-form output where each line contains an explicit key=value, such as "streams.stream.3.tags.foo=bar". The output is shell escaped, so it can be directly embedded in sh scripts as long as the separator character is an alphanumeric character or an underscore (see sep_char option).

The description of the accepted options follows.
sep_char, s

Separator character used to separate the chapter, the section name, IDs and potential tags in the printed field key.

Default value is ’.’.

hierarchical, h

Specify if the section name specification should be hierarchical. If set to 1, and if there is more than one section in the current chapter, the section name will be prefixed by the name of the chapter. A value of 0 will disable this behavior.

Default value is 1.

ini
INI
format output.

Print output in an INI based format.

The following conventions are adopted:

all key and values are UTF-8

’.’ is the subgroup separator

newline, ’\t’, ’\f’, ’\b’ and the following characters are escaped

’\’ is the escape character

’#’ is the comment indicator

’=’ is the key/value separator

’:’ is not used but usually parsed as key/value separator

This writer accepts options as a list of key=value pairs, separated by ":".

The description of the accepted options follows.
hierarchical, h

Specify if the section name specification should be hierarchical. If set to 1, and if there is more than one section in the current chapter, the section name will be prefixed by the name of the chapter. A value of 0 will disable this behavior.

Default value is 1.

json
JSON
based format.

Each section is printed using JSON notation.

The description of the accepted options follows.
compact, c

If set to 1 enable compact output, that is each section will be printed on a single line. Default value is 0.

For more information about JSON, see <http://www.json.org/>.

xml
XML
based format.

The XML output is described in the XML schema description file ffprobe.xsd installed in the FFmpeg datadir.

An updated version of the schema can be retrieved at the url <http://www.ffmpeg.org/schema/ffprobe.xsd>, which redirects to the latest schema committed into the FFmpeg development source code tree.

Note that the output issued will be compliant to the ffprobe.xsd schema only when no special global output options (unit, prefix, byte_binary_prefix, sexagesimal etc.) are specified.

The description of the accepted options follows.
fully_qualified, q

If set to 1 specify if the output should be fully qualified. Default value is 0. This is required for generating an XML file which can be validated through an XSD file.

xsd_compliant, x

If set to 1 perform more checks for ensuring that the output is XSD compliant. Default value is 0. This option automatically sets fully_qualified to 1.

For more information about the XML format, see <http://www.w3.org/XML/>.

ffprobe supports Timecode extraction:

MPEG1/2 timecode is extracted from the GOP, and is available in the video stream details (-show_streams, see timecode).

MOV timecode is extracted from tmcd track, so is available in the tmcd stream metadata (-show_streams, see TAG:timecode).

DV, GXF and AVI timecodes are available in format metadata (-show_format, see TAG:timecode).

ffmpeg(1), ffplay(1), ffserver(1), ffmpeg-utils(1), ffmpeg-scaler(1), ffmpeg-resampler(1), ffmpeg-codecs(1), ffmpeg-bitstream-filters(1), ffmpeg-formats(1), ffmpeg-devices(1), ffmpeg-protocols(1), ffmpeg-filters(1)

The FFmpeg developers.

For details about the authorship, see the Git history of the project (git://source.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg), e.g. by typing the command git log in the FFmpeg source directory, or browsing the online repository at <http://source.ffmpeg.org>.

Maintainers for the specific components are listed in the file MAINTAINERS in the source code tree.

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e-mail: sschubert89@gmail.com

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